|Range Type||Mountain range with well-recognized name|
|Highest Point||Mont Blanc (4810 m/15,781 ft)|
|Countries||Italy (58%), Austria (47%), France (37%), Switzerland (23%), Germany (23%), Slovenia (8%), Hungary (3%)|
(numbers are approximate percentage of range area)
|Area||301,558 sq km / 116,432 sq mi|
Area may include lowland areas
|Extent||669 km / 416 mi North-South|
1,014 km / 630 mi East-West
|Center Lat/Long||46° 1' N; 11° 11' E|
|Map Link||Microsoft Bing Map|
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The Alps are the dominant range of Europe and one of the top five mountain areas of the world in mountain scenery and climbing challenge. Although only containing about fifty major peaks over 4000m (13,123'), the Alps rise very steeply from low bases and feature extensive glaciation on thousands of their summits. Americans used to the mountains of the western United States will be amazed at the rugged, snowy and steep faces of the Alps, which put the Rockies to shame. It has even been said that high Alpine peaks rise as high above the snowline as ones in the Himalaya and the Andes.
The Alps are a wide and convoluted crescent of ranges and peaks arcing to the north of the Italian Peninsula, from the Julian Alps of Slovenia (once part of Yugoslavia) on the east to the Maritime Alps of the South of France on the west. Within this huge area are many sub-ranges: the Dolomites of northern Italy; the Hohe Tauern of Austria; the Bavarian Alps; the Cottian Alps, and countless others. The three highest, which together contain almost all of the 4000m giants, are the Pennine Alps on the Switzerland-Italy border, the Berner Oberland of central Switzerland, and the Mont Blanc Massif, where France, Switzerland and Italy meet.
The sport of mountaineering was invented in the Alps, and the variety of peaks and routes that can be climbed is staggering, ranging from easy walk-ups to some of the hardest routes on earth. As a range in the heart of a densely settled and advanced continent, access to the Alps is good, perhaps too good: roads, trains, tunnels, cableways, and ski lifts honeycomb the range and often take casual tourists high up towards the peaks. An extensive network of huts in the Alps make backpacking in the American tradition almost unheard of.
|Map of Alps|
Click on red triangle icons for links to other ranges.
Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative.
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|Other Ranges: To go to pages for other ranges either click on the map above, or on range names in the hierarchy snapshot below, which show the parent, siblings, and children of the Alps.|
|Europe||Level 1 (Parent)|
|         Scandinavia-European Arctic||Level 2 (Sibling)|
|         Northwest Europe||Level 2 (Sibling)|
|         Iberian Peninsula||Level 2 (Sibling)|
|         Alps||Level 2|
|                 Western Alps||Level 3 (Child)|
|                 Northern Alps||Level 3 (Child)|
|                 Southern Alps||Level 3 (Child)|
|                 Eastern Alps||Level 3 (Child)|
|         Italian Peninsula and Islands||Level 2 (Sibling)|
|         Eastern Europe Ranges||Level 2 (Sibling)|
|         Balkan Peninsula||Level 2 (Sibling)|
|         Ural Mountains||Level 2 (Sibling)|
|         Caucasus Mountains||Level 2 (Sibling)|
Major Peaks of the Alps
|Ten Highest Peaks|
|1.||Mont Blanc||4810||15,781||Western Alps|
|2.||Monte Rosa||4634||15,203||Southern Alps|
|8.||Pic Luigi Amadeo||4469||14,662||Western Alps|
|9.||Mont Maudit||4465||14,649||Western Alps|
|10.||Dent Blanche||4357||14,295||Southern Alps|
|Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. List may not be complete, since only summits in the PBC Database are included.|
Photos of Peaks in the Alps
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