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Eastern Canada Peaks with 2000 feet of Prominence

RankPeak Prom-M  Elev-M Range (Level 5)Isol-KmAscents
1.Mount Caubvick13671652South Interior Torngats791.415
2.Peak 5100 Map 24I1612801554South Interior Torngats14.52
2.Four Peaks High Point12801341Coastal Torngats24.10
4.Brave Mountain11891219Central Labrador90.30
5.Peak 478611541459South Interior Torngats18.50
6.Peak 5000 Map 24P110971524North Interior Torngats16.60
6.Peak 4200 Map 24P910971280North Interior Torngats13.60
8.Mont Jacques-Cartier10961276Chic-Choc Mountains405.7183
9.Peak 468610931428South Interior Torngats20.10
10.Mount Tetragona10211356Coastal Torngats15.20
11.Mount Eliot9921388Coastal Torngats20.40
12.Four Peaks - South Peak9751250Coastal Torngats6.20
13.Man O'War Peak9591050Kiglapait Mountains102.91
14.Peak 4300 Map 14L119141311Coastal Torngats31.10
14.Cod Island High Point914914Central Labrador.10
14.Mount Thoresby914914Kiglapait Mountains12.50
17.Innuit Mountain8991509North Interior Torngats3.80
18.The Finger8841006Central Labrador6.20
18.North Aulatsivik Island High Point884914Coastal Torngats.10
20.Peak 3600 Map 24P98531097North Interior Torngats10.50
21.Kammarsuit Mountain844905Coastal Torngats8.80
22.Mealy Mountains High Point8371185Mealy Mountains519.00
23.Peak 4300 Map 24P18231311North Interior Torngats6.60
23.Kutyaupak Mountain8231067South Interior Torngats5.00
23.Mount Lister823853Kiglapait Mountains22.02
26.The Cabox812812Long Range Mountains447.28
27.Cirque Mountain8061568Coastal Torngats8.72
28.Mount Razorback7921097Coastal Torngats14.40
28.Four Peaks - North Peak7921067Coastal Torngats3.60
30.Blow Me Down Mountain7871183Coastal Torngats17.90
31.Mount Pinguksoak7851243Coastal Torngats18.40
32.Mont Raoul-Blanchard7851175Laurentian Mountains206.010
33.Ikordlearsuk Mountain783844Coastal Torngats9.20
34.Peak 5000 Map 24I167621524South Interior Torngats4.10
34.Finger Hill Island High Point762762Central Labrador5.30
36.Sommet Albert Sud7461151Chic-Choc Mountains.3119
37.Peak 39457451202Coastal Torngats8.40
38.Mount Barnes-Pauzé7391470South Interior Torngats7.95
39.Peak 3720 Map 24P87381134North Interior Torngats7.60
40.Mount Cornelius734917Coastal Torngats5.71
41.Peak 2803732854Coastal Torngats25.80
42.Peak 3500 Map 24P97321067North Interior Torngats4.80
42.Peak 3300 Map 14F137321006Central Labrador3.60
42.Peak 2900 Map 14D16 No 2732884Kiglapait Mountains7.50
42.Peak 2700 Map 14M3732823Coastal Torngats3.60
42.Peak 2600 Map 14E1732792Kiglapait Mountains8.10
47.Mont Blanc7311065Chic-Choc Mountains18.937
48.Mont Saint-Pierre726906Central Notre Dame Mountains64.213
49.Mont Jacques-Rousseau7121261North Interior Torngats.10
50.Le Round Top712962Canadian Green Mountains13.4282
51.Torngarsoak Mountain7111595South Interior Torngats7.85
52.Gros Morne704807Long Range Mountains98.858
53.Peak 4200 Map 24P1 No 17011280North Interior Torngats.60
54.Sommet TG76941273South Interior Torngats12.53
55.Peak 2363690720Coastal Torngats5.20
56.Mont Yapeitso6811128Monts Otish467.10
57.Mont de l'Ouest677925Chic-Choc Mountains11.18
58.Four Peaks - East Peak6711219Coastal Torngats3.50
58.Mount Goetze6711158Coastal Torngats5.64
58.Peak 3800 Map 24P96711158North Interior Torngats7.30
58.Peak 3400 Map 14E26711036Kiglapait Mountains60.80
62.Quartzite Mountain6681186Coastal Torngats4.40
63.Mount Kaputyat6641121North Interior Torngats7.40
64.Peak 3900 Map 14L56401189South Interior Torngats12.20
64.Peak 3600 Map 14L106401097Coastal Torngats9.90
64.Peak 3600 Map 14L116401097Coastal Torngats6.70
64.Peak 3300 Map 14M56401006Coastal Torngats3.30
64.Peak 3200 Map 14E1640975Kiglapait Mountains.10
64.Aupalukitak Mountain640914Kiglapait Mountains8.90
64.Cod Island Peak 2700640823Central Labrador7.40
71.Mont Logan6201150Chic-Choc Mountains31.863
71.Mont Jérémie6201050Laurentian Mountains.313
71.Mount Carleton620820New Brunswick Highlands133.297
74.Mont des Neiges618979Northern Quebec50.60
75.Peak 34156141041Coastal Torngats5.00
76.Peak 4100 Map 24P1 No 16101250North Interior Torngats3.40
76.Peak 3300 Map 14E16101006Kiglapait Mountains19.00
76.Four Peaks - Southeast Peak610914Coastal Torngats3.10
76.Peak 2900 Map 14D16 No 1610884Kiglapait Mountains21.40
76.Peak 2700 Map 14L7 North610823Coastal Torngats23.70
76.Peak 2600 Map 14E7610792Kiglapait Mountains13.70
76.Peak 2500 Map 24P9610762Coastal Torngats7.50
76.Peak 2300 Map 14M3610701Coastal Torngats3.20
76.Mount Bache610640Coastal Torngats6.90
 Peak 4700 Map 24I16 No 15791433South Interior Torngats.00
 Peak 3700 Map 14L115791128Coastal Torngats5.00
 Peak 3600 Map 24P95791097North Interior Torngats4.00
 Peak 3500 Map 24P95791067North Interior Torngats1.50
 Peak 2800 Map 14E8 No 2579853Kiglapait Mountains.10
 Peak 2800 Map 14F4579853Kiglapait Mountains3.00
 Peak 2800 Map 24P16579853North Interior Torngats12.00
 Peak 2600 Map 14M3579792Coastal Torngats4.00
 Peak 2300 Map 14M5579701Coastal Torngats6.40
 Peak 2000 Map 25A1579610Coastal Torngats9.40
 Peak 4500 Map 14L125491372South Interior Torngats6.50
 Peak 3800 Map 14M45491158Coastal Torngats3.90

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List Description

List Info

2000 feet of prominence has become an informal threshold among U.S. prominence researchers that signifies that a peak has major stature. There are just enough of these peaks to keep track of them, and tallies of the number of peaks with prominence of 2000 feet (P2K) by state and region is used as a rough measure of mountainous ruggedness.

Edward Earl, Andy Martin, and others compiled lists of all the P2K peaks in the 48 U.S. states--a total of about 1200, with Nevada (169), California (163), and Washington State (144) having the most. Alaska is so huge and so mountainous that no attempt has been made to tabulate all the P2Ks there; instead, a 5000-foot threshold gives plenty of results. Western Canada is like Alaska--any attempt to find all the P2Ks would be a massive undertaking.

Therefore, I decided to find out how many P2Ks there were in eastern Canada. I figured that there were not too many--the highpoint of the Torngat Mounains, a few in the northern Appalachians, and the Newfoundland island high point. My guess was that there were maybe about ten.

When I started looking at the online topo maps of the Torngat Mountains, though, it became clear that there were scores of P2K peaks. I posted my preliminiary tally of about 40 or so, and over the next few months Richard Garland picked up where I left off, finding more Torngat peaks and exploring off into the other ranges of Labrador. I double-checked Richard's work using GIS software to help me make sense of the terrible online Toporama maps, and determined all the P2K peaks in the Canadian Appalachians. Together, Richard and I came up with this list of 73 peaks. Later work found about 10 more, so the total is now in the mid-80s.

This is an amazingly high number. This is more P2K peaks than in the eastern USA (78) or Colorado (81), and about the same as in Arizona or Oregon. Considering that the high point of the area is only 5420 feet, and most of it is very flat, this number is surprising. The glaciers really carved up the ranges of northern Labrador with deep gorges, exactly the kind of geologic action that produces high-prominence peaks.

This list should be over 95% complete at this point. Most summits have no names, so are designated by their elevations and map sheet names. Most of them have probably not been climbed yet. There are 10 peaks on this list in the greater Appalachian Mountains (south of the St. Lawrence): 7 in Quebec, 1 in New Brunswick, and 2 on the island of Newfoundland. Then there are 4 peaks in central Quebec, and the remainder are in Labrador.


Many thanks go to Richard Garland, who did an incredibly impressive job of helping me research these peaks, their elevations, and their prominences. We both spent hours poring over the terrible online GIFs from the Toporama web site, counting unlabelled contour lines, and Richard didn't even have the advantage of GIS software to help out! I especially thank him for inspiring me to continue work on this after I started to lose some interest. See his web site below for the most complete reference for the Torngats ever assembled.


     Papa Bear's Torngat's Page - Richard Garland
     Toporama: Canadian Topographic Maps Online


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