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Africa Peaks with 300 km of Isolation

RankPeakIsol-KmCountryRange (Level 3)NHN NameAscents
1.Kilimanjaro5509.6TanzaniaNortheast TanzaniaKuh-e Shashgal725
2.Thabana Ntlenyana3003.8LesothoDrakensbergLoolmalasin27
3.Piton des Neiges2766.6ReunionMascarene IslandsGiant's Castle27
4.Queen Mary's Peak2661.7Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da CunhaSouth Atlantic IslandsMount Patterson0
5.Mount Cameroon2337.7CameroonCameroon MountainsMikeno26
6.Jebel Toubkal2078.2MoroccoHigh AtlasPic Luigi Amadeo196
7.Big Ben2026.1Heard and McDonald IslandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsMount Menzies0
8.Emi Koussi1998.8ChadTibestiMount Cameroon2
9.Olavtoppen1851.2Bouvet IslandSouth Atlantic IslandsEdinburgh Peak0
10.Mascarin Peak1804.9South AfricaSouth Indian Ocean IslandsCockscomb0
11.Green Mountain1798.2Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da CunhaSouth Atlantic IslandsMont Richard-Molard2
12.Moro de Môco1727.4AngolaAngola PlateauKabobo1
13.Diego Garcia High Point1676.7British Indian Ocean TerritoryNorth Indian Ocean IslandsMount Limon2
14.Pico de Cano1672.4Cape VerdeNorth Atlantic IslandsPico Viejo18
15.Loma Mansa1570.8Sierra LeoneGuinea HighlandsPico de Cano2
16.Ras Dashen1482.1EthiopiaNorthern Ethiopian HighlandsTerere27
17.Montanha do Pico1451.3PortugalNorth Atlantic IslandsRoque de los Muchachos63
18.Mont de la Dives1408.7French Southern LandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsMont Crozier0
19.Diana's Peak1293.2Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da CunhaSouth Atlantic IslandsGreen Mountain0
20.Sapitwa Peak1271.6MalawiMalawi HighlandsHanang20
21.Tahat1153.2AlgeriaCentral Sahara DesertPic Toussidé3
22.Pico Trinidade1147.2BrazilSouth Atlantic IslandsAlto do Rio Preto0
23.Morne Seychellois1107.8SeychellesNorth Indian Ocean IslandsMaromokotro8
24.Mont Marion-Dufresne1106.3French Southern LandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsJan Smuts Peak0
25.Maromokotro1041.7MadagascarMadagascarLe Grand Bénare4
26.Hombori Tondo1008.0MaliNiger River AreaPic de Tibé2
27.Jabal Marrah969.2SudanLibyan DesertEmi Koussi0
28.Brandberg963.2NamibiaKalahariMoro de Môco7
29.Cocos Islands High Point959.9Cocos IslandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsMurray Hill3
30.Pico de Teide893.1SpainNorth Atlantic IslandsTazaghart162
31.Pic Boby889.8MadagascarMadagascarLe Grand Bénare5
32.Mont Agou887.7TogoNiger River AreaGran Caldera de Luba7
33.Mount Stanley829.8Congo DRC/UgandaEast Rift Valley RangesMount Kenya35
34.Djebel Chélia779.1AlgeriaSaharan AtlasMonte Renoso0
35.Wilingili Island High Point733.9MaldivesNorth Indian Ocean IslandsDiego Garcia High Point6
36.Batu723.7EthiopiaSouthern Ethiopian HighlandsRas Dashen2
37.Kartala652.7ComorosMozambique ChannelMaromokotro4
38.Kdeyyat ej Joul648.7MauritaniaWestern Sahara DesertPiedra de Fuego0
39.Mont Bagzane640.8NigerCentral Sahara DesertTezouiag Sur0
40.Mont du Guera634.0ChadCentral Sahara DesertJabal Marrah0
41.Mount Limon599.2MauritiusMascarene IslandsPieter Both0
42.Jabal Uweinat590.9Libya/SudanLibyan DesertPic Bette0
43.Mtorwi533.2TanzaniaSouthern TanzaniaHanang0
44.Lord Hill490.0NamibiaKalahariKlein Gamsberg0
45.Mumpu-Velume481.0ZambiaZambia PlateauSunzu0
46.Grand Ross477.0French Southern LandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsDavis Dome0
47.Socotra High Point468.3YemenNorth Indian Ocean IslandsBaxaya0
48.Pico Ruivo449.8PortugalNorth Atlantic IslandsRoque de los Muchachos62
49.Thamad Umm Ghayr442.7LibyaCentral Sahara DesertEhi Timi Ouli0
50.Forêt de Pout High Point440.0SenegalGuinea HighlandsGuinea-Bissau High Point0
51.Tromelin High Point438.6French Southern LandsMascarene IslandsLe Pouce0
52.Albatross Island High Point438.6MauritiusMascarene IslandsPieter Both0
53.Jebel Kuror407.1SudanEastern DesertJabal Oda0
54.Shimbiris406.9SomaliaAhmar-SomaliJabal Sabir1
55.Edinburgh Peak406.5Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da CunhaSouth Atlantic IslandsQueen Mary's Peak0
56.Pico de São Tomé405.9Sao Tome and PrincipeBight of BeninGran Caldera de Luba1
57.Morro do Espinhaço404.2BrazilSouth Atlantic IslandsSerra das Queimadas-Pico 8070
58.Jebel Temading401.9SudanLibyan DesertGemi0
59.Inyangani389.4ZimbabweZimbabwe PlateauSouth Peak14
60.Dakhret-Musba387.6LibyaCentral Sahara DesertThamad Umm Ghayr0
61.Kimhandu380.3TanzaniaNortheast TanzaniaHanang0
62.Shere Hills374.2NigeriaNiger River AreaChappal Waddi0
63.Mont Toussoro366.4Central African RepublicMassif de BongosJabal Marrah0
64.Mont Bengoué362.6GabonWest-Central AfricaMont Eloumden1
65.Colline D'Emerez362.0MauritiusNorth Indian Ocean IslandsMorne Blanc0
66.Gakarosa357.7South AfricaSouth Africa PlateauMurch Point0
67.Ennedi High Point357.1ChadLibyan DesertJabal Gurgei0
68.Tsodilo Hills351.9BotswanaKalahariMount Hohewarte0
69.Agatti Island High Point351.0IndiaNorth Indian Ocean IslandsKudremukh3
70.Jebel Erba350.5SudanEastern DesertJabal Hamoyet0
71.Die Berg350.5South AfricaDrakensbergWodehouse Kop6
72.Seweweekspoort Peak348.8South AfricaCape RangesKompasberg10
73.Kinyeti346.6South SudanCentral East Africa PlateauMubiyi0
74.Mont Richard-Molard346.5Ivory Coast/GuineaGuinea HighlandsLoma Mansa0
75.Colline Mali342.5GuineaGuinea HighlandsLoma Mansa0
76.Assumption Island High Dune340.7SeychellesMozambique ChannelNtingui0
77.Jebel Akhdar High Point337.6LibyaLibyan DesertAgios Dikaios0
78.Mount Elgon336.7UgandaCentral East Africa PlateauMount Kenya-Point Piggott4
79.Qarat ar Razzah328.0LibyaCentral Sahara DesertThamad Umm Ghayr0
80.Tuley322.6NigerCentral Sahara DesertMont Bagzane0
81.Idanre Hill320.4NigeriaNiger River AreaMont Agou-Sommet Est0
82.Mount Kenya319.9KenyaEast Central KenyaKilimanjaro34
83.Tsiafajavona317.3MadagascarMadagascarPic Boby1
84.Moltkeblick316.1NamibiaKalahariBrandberg1
85.Jabal Hamoyet304.4SudanNorthern Ethiopian HighlandsSoira0
86.Djebel Aïssa303.0AlgeriaSaharan AtlasJebel Mesrouh0
87.Jebel Hamata300.4EgyptEastern DesertJebel Jar0

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List Description

Note that Africa, as defined here, includes a great many offshore islands in the Indian and Atlantic Ocean, many with high-isolation peaks.

Acknowledgments:

Thanks to Andrew Kirmse, who created and ran software for calculating isolation from digital elevation models, and to Jonathan de Ferranti, who helped with high-quality DEM data. Many of the isolation values for peaks on this list were determined by their process and then map checked.

 


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