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Africa Peaks with 300 km of Isolation

RankPeakIsol-KmCountryRange (Level 3)NHN NameAscents
1.Kilimanjaro5509.6TanzaniaNortheast TanzaniaKuh-e Shashgal860
2.Thabana Ntlenyana3003.8LesothoDrakensbergLoolmalasin30
3.Piton des Neiges2766.6ReunionMascarene IslandsGiant's Castle30
4.Queen Mary's Peak2661.7Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da CunhaSouth Atlantic IslandsMount Patterson0
5.Mount Cameroon2337.7CameroonCameroon MountainsMikeno29
6.Jebel Toubkal2078.2MoroccoHigh AtlasPic Luigi Amadeo237
7.Big Ben2026.1Heard and McDonald IslandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsMount Menzies0
8.Emi Koussi1998.8ChadTibestiMount Cameroon2
9.Olavtoppen1851.2Bouvet IslandSouth Atlantic IslandsEdinburgh Peak0
10.Mascarin Peak1804.9South AfricaSouth Indian Ocean IslandsCockscomb0
11.Green Mountain1798.2Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da CunhaSouth Atlantic IslandsMont Richard-Molard3
12.Moro de Môco1727.4AngolaAngola PlateauKabobo1
13.Diego Garcia High Point1676.7British Indian Ocean TerritoryNorth Indian Ocean IslandsMount Limon2
14.Pico do Fogo1672.4Cape VerdeNorth Atlantic IslandsPico Viejo26
15.Loma Mansa1570.8Sierra LeoneGuinea HighlandsPico do Fogo2
16.Ras Dashen1482.1EthiopiaNorthern Ethiopian HighlandsTerere30
17.Montanha do Pico1451.3PortugalNorth Atlantic IslandsRoque de los Muchachos73
18.Mont de la Dives1408.7French Southern LandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsMont Crozier0
19.Diana's Peak1293.2Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da CunhaSouth Atlantic IslandsGreen Mountain0
20.Sapitwa Peak1271.6MalawiMalawi HighlandsHanang24
21.Tahat1153.2AlgeriaCentral Sahara DesertPic Toussidé3
22.Pico Trinidade1147.2BrazilSouth Atlantic IslandsAlto do Rio Preto0
23.Morne Seychellois1107.8SeychellesNorth Indian Ocean IslandsAmbre-Bobaomby9
24.Mont Marion-Dufresne1107.8French Southern LandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsJan Smuts Peak0
25.Maromokotro1041.7MadagascarMadagascarLe Grand Bénare4
26.Hombori Tondo1008.0MaliNiger River AreaPic de Tibé2
27.Jabal Marrah969.2SudanLibyan DesertEmi Koussi0
28.Brandberg963.2NamibiaKalahariMoro de Môco9
29.Cocos Islands High Point959.9Cocos IslandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsMurray Hill3
30.Pico de Teide893.1SpainNorth Atlantic IslandsTazaghart210
31.Pic Boby889.8MadagascarMadagascarLe Grand Bénare7
32.Mount Stanley829.8Congo DRC/UgandaEast Rift Valley RangesMount Kenya43
33.Djebel Chélia779.1AlgeriaSaharan AtlasMonte Renoso0
34.Wilingili Island High Point733.9MaldivesNorth Indian Ocean IslandsDiego Garcia High Point7
35.Tullu Dimtu723.7EthiopiaSouthern Ethiopian HighlandsRas Dashen3
36.Kartala652.7ComorosMozambique ChannelMaromokotro4
37.Kdeyyat ej Joul648.7MauritaniaWestern Sahara DesertAmurga2
38.Mont Bagzane640.8NigerCentral Sahara DesertTezouiag Sur0
39.Mont du Guera634.0ChadCentral Sahara DesertDeriba-West Peak0
40.Mount Limon599.1MauritiusMascarene IslandsPieter Both0
41.Jabal Uweinat590.9Libya/SudanLibyan DesertPic Bette0
42.Mtorwi533.2TanzaniaSouthern TanzaniaHanang2
43.Lord Hill490.0NamibiaKalahariKlein Gamsberg0
44.Mumpu-Velume481.0ZambiaZambia PlateauSunzu0
45.Grand Ross477.0French Southern LandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsDavis Dome0
46.Socotra High Point468.8YemenNorth Indian Ocean IslandsBaxaya0
47.Pico Ruivo449.8PortugalNorth Atlantic IslandsRoque de los Muchachos87
48.Jabal al Hasawinah443.3LibyaCentral Sahara DesertEhi Timi Ouli0
49.Forêt de Pout High Point440.0SenegalGuinea HighlandsDongol Rondè0
50.Tromelin High Point438.6French Southern LandsMascarene IslandsMarojejy0
51.Albatross Island High Point438.6MauritiusMascarene IslandsPieter Both0
52.Jebel Kuror407.1SudanEastern DesertJabal Oda0
53.Shimbiris406.9SomaliaAhmar-SomaliJabal Sabir1
54.Edinburgh Peak406.5Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da CunhaSouth Atlantic IslandsQueen Mary's Peak0
55.Pico de São Tomé405.9Sao Tome and PrincipeBight of BeninGran Caldera de Luba2
56.Morro do Espinhaço405.0BrazilSouth Atlantic IslandsSerra das Queimadas-Pico 8070
57.Jebel Temading401.9SudanLibyan DesertGemi0
58.Inyangani389.4ZimbabweZimbabwe PlateauSouth Peak16
59.Dakhret-Musba387.6LibyaCentral Sahara DesertJabal al Hasawinah0
60.Lukwangule Peak380.3TanzaniaNortheast TanzaniaHanang2
61.Shere Hills374.2NigeriaNiger River AreaChappal Waddi0
62.Mont Toussoro366.4Central African RepublicMassif de BongosDeriba-South Peak0
63.Mont Bengoué362.6GabonWest-Central AfricaMonte Mitra1
64.Colline D'Emerez362.0MauritiusNorth Indian Ocean IslandsMorne Blanc0
65.Gakarosa357.7South AfricaSouth Africa PlateauMurch Point0
66.Ennedi High Point357.1ChadLibyan DesertJabal Gurgei0
67.Tsodilo Hills351.9BotswanaKalahariMount Hohewarte0
68.Agatti Island High Point351.0IndiaNorth Indian Ocean IslandsKudremukh3
69.Jebel Erba350.5SudanEastern DesertJabal Hamoyet0
70.Die Berg350.5South AfricaDrakensbergWodehouse Kop8
71.Seweweekspoort Peak348.8South AfricaCape RangesKompasberg13
72.Mont Richard-Molard346.8Ivory Coast/GuineaGuinea HighlandsLoma Mansa3
73.Kinyeti346.6South SudanCentral East Africa PlateauMubiyi0
74.Colline Mali342.5GuineaGuinea HighlandsLoma Mansa0
75.Assumption Island High Dune340.7SeychellesMozambique ChannelNtingui0
76.Jebel Akhdar High Point337.6LibyaLibyan DesertAgios Dikaios0
77.Mount Elgon336.7UgandaCentral East Africa PlateauMount Kenya-Point Piggott7
78.Qarat ar Razzah328.0LibyaCentral Sahara DesertJabal al Hasawinah0
79.Tuley322.6NigerCentral Sahara DesertMont Bagzane0
80.Idanre Hill320.4NigeriaNiger River AreaMont Agou-Sommet Est0
81.Mount Kenya319.9KenyaEast Central KenyaReusch Crater Rim46
82.Tsiafajavona317.3MadagascarMadagascarPic Boby1
83.Moltkeblick316.1NamibiaKalahariBrandberg1
84.Jabal Hamoyet304.4SudanNorthern Ethiopian HighlandsSoira0
85.Djebel Aïssa303.0AlgeriaSaharan AtlasJebel Mesrouh0
86.Jebel Hamata300.4EgyptEastern DesertJebel Jar0
87.Mont Agou50.7TogoNiger River AreaMont Atilakoutse11

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List Description

Note that Africa, as defined here, includes a great many offshore islands in the Indian and Atlantic Ocean, many with high-isolation peaks.

Acknowledgments:

Thanks to Andrew Kirmse, who created and ran software for calculating isolation from digital elevation models, and to Jonathan de Ferranti, who helped with high-quality DEM data. Many of the isolation values for peaks on this list were determined by their process and then map checked.

 


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