Central Caucasus

Range TypeGeographically-defined sub-range
Highest PointElbrus (5642 m/18,510 ft)
CountriesRussia (80%), Georgia (20%)
(numbers are approximate percentage of range area)
States/ProvincesStavropol (56%), Kabardino-Balkaria (10%), Alania (5%), Karachay-Cherkessia (4%), Yugo-Osetinskaya (4%), Kalmykia (3%), Krasnodar (1%)
(numbers are approximate percentage of range area)
Area109,493 sq km / 42,275 sq mi
Area may include lowland areas
Extent503 km / 313 mi North-South
365 km / 227 mi East-West
Center Lat/Long44° 4' N; 43° 14' E
Map LinkMicrosoft Bing Map

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Map of Central Caucasus
Click on red triangle icons for links to other ranges.

Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative.
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Other Ranges: To go to pages for other ranges either click on the map above, or on range names in the hierarchy snapshot below, which show the parent, siblings, and children of the Central Caucasus.
Caucasus MountainsLevel 2 (Parent)
         Western CaucasusLevel 3 (Sibling)
         Central CaucasusLevel 3
                 Svanetian RangeLevel 4 (Child)
                 Digorian RangeLevel 4 (Child)
                 Ossetian RangeLevel 4 (Child)
         Eastern CaucasusLevel 3 (Sibling)
         Lesser CaucasusLevel 3 (Sibling)

Major Peaks of the Central Caucasus

Ten Highest Peaks
RankPeak NamemftRange4
1.Elbrus564218,510Svanetian Range
2.Gora Dykh-Tau520517,077Svanetian Range
3.Shkhara519317,037Svanetian Range
4.Gora Koshtan-Tau515216,903Svanetian Range
5.Pik Pushkin510016,732Svanetian Range
6.Jangi-Tau508516,683Svanetian Range
7.Gora Kazbek503416,516Ossetian Range
8.Mishrigi501916,467Svanetian Range
9.Katyn-Tau497916,335Svanetian Range
10.Kukurtlu Dome497816,332Svanetian Range
Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. List may not be complete, since only summits in the PBC Database are included.
Child Range High Points
RankPeak NamemftRange4
1.Elbrus564218,510Svanetian Range
2.Gora Kazbek503416,516Ossetian Range
3.Gora Uilpata464915,253Digorian Range

Photos of Peaks in the Central Caucasus


The volcanic cone of Elbrus is very atypical for the Caucasus.
Gora Kazbek
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Kazbek from Kasbegi (1984-09-21). Photo by Frederick Johnson.
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Click on photo for original larger-size version.
Dongusorun and Nakra-tau from Pik Cheget (1984-09-07). Photo by Frederick Johnson.
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Pik Cheget
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A view over Elbrus from Cheget (2014-07-23). Photo by Piotr Kaczynski.
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