Central Mexican Ranges
|Range Type||Bogus mountain grouping for this site|
|Highest Point||Pico de Orizaba (5636 m/18,491 ft)|
|Area||1,420,550 sq km / 548,475 sq mi|
Area may include lowland areas
|Extent||1,793 km / 1,114 mi North-South|
1,695 km / 1,053 mi East-West
|Center Lat/Long||23° 43' N; 102° 31' W|
|Map Link||Microsoft Bing Map|
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The Central Mexican Ranges are essentially the various Sierra Madre ranges of Mexico, the high central volcanoes, and the high plateaus they surround. Most of the borders of this area are distinct and natural: The Gulf Of Mexico, the low ithmus of Tehuantepec, the Pacific Ocan and the Sea of Cortez, and the Rio Grande. The only unclear border is to the northwest, where the Basin and Range country of the U.S. Southwest meets the Sierra Madre Occidental in the state of Sonora.
The parts of Mexico excluded from this grouping are Baja California, the basin and range country of Sonora, and, in the southeast of Mexico, Chiapas (topographically part of Central America) and the Yucatan.
Within this area are the three Sierra Madres: Occidental, Oriental, and Sur. Running east-west, below the Sierra Madres Occidental and Oriental and north of the Sierra Madre del Sur, is the very loosely bounded Cordillera Neovolcanica, the row of volcanoes running from Colima to Orizaba. In the north, between the Occidental and Oriental Sirra Madres, is a large indistinct meseta or plateau.
These ranges are high, with 3000m/10,000' peaks relatively common in most areas. But due to either low latitude or low rainfall, there is little snow and no glaciation outside of the three highest volcanoes of the Neovolcanica.
|Map of Central Mexican Ranges|
Click on red triangle icons for links to other ranges.
Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative.
Click Here for a Full Screen Map
|Other Ranges: To go to pages for other ranges either click on the map above, or on range names in the hierarchy snapshot below, which show the parent, siblings, and children of the Central Mexican Ranges.|
Major Peaks of the Central Mexican Ranges
|Ten Highest Peaks|
|1.||Pico de Orizaba||5636||18,491||Cordillera Neovolcanica|
|2.||Volcán Popocatépetl||5400+||17,717+||Cordillera Neovolcanica|
|3.||Volcán Iztaccíhuatl||5220+||17,126+||Cordillera Neovolcanica|
|4.||Nevado de Toluca||4680+||15,354+||Cordillera Neovolcanica|
|5.||Izta Norte||4660+||15,289+||Cordillera Neovolcanica|
|6.||Volcán La Malinche||4420+||14,501+||Cordillera Neovolcanica|
|7.||Cerro del Ombugo||4320+||14,173+||Cordillera Neovolcanica|
|8.||Nevado de Colima||4260+||13,976+||Cordillera Neovolcanica|
|9.||Cofre de Perote||4200+||13,780+||Cordillera Neovolcanica|
|10.||Cerro Tláloc||4158||13,642||Cordillera Neovolcanica|
|Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. List may not be complete, since only summits in the PBC Database are included.|
Photos of Peaks in the Central Mexican Ranges
|Volcán Popocatépetl: The white snows of Popo rise above Tlamacas Lodge, in this picture from before the recent eruptive cycle began in 1994.|
|Volcán Iztaccíhuatl: The summit area of Iztaccíhuatl holds a large, flat snowfield at 5200 meters elevation.|
|Nevado de Colima: Nevado de Colima on the left and the active Volcan de Colima on the right. Taken from the southwest on the Sierra Manantlan Plateau|
|Volcán de Colima: Nevado de Colima on the left and the active Volcan de Colima on the right. Taken from the southwest on the Sierra Manantlan Plateau|
|Cerro El Caballo: El Caballo ("the horse") from the east--South Peak to the left and the highpoint to right, and the Cola de Caballo ("tail of the horse") is immediately left of the South Peak.|
|Cerro El Caballo-South Peak: El Caballo ("the horse") from the east--South Peak to the left and the highpoint to right, and the Cola de Caballo ("tail of the horse") is immediately left of the South Peak.|
|Cola de Caballo: El Caballo ("the horse") from the east--South Peak to the left and the highpoint to right, and the Cola de Caballo ("tail of the horse") is immediately left of the South Peak.|
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