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Eastern Canada Peaks with 2000 feet of Prominence

RankPeak Prom-M
(Opt)
 Elev-M
(Opt)
Range (Level 5)Isol-KmAscent Date
1.Mount Caubvick13671652South Interior Torngats791.4 
2.Torngarsoak Mountain7411595South Interior Torngats7.9 
3.Peak 5100 Map 24I1613401584South Interior Torngats14.7 
4.Cirque Mountain8361568Coastal Torngats9.2 
5.Peak 5000 Map 24P111571554North Interior Torngats20.7 
5.Peak 5000 Map 24I168221554South Interior Torngats4.4 
7.Innuit Mountain9291509North Interior Torngats6.0 
8.Peak 48247681470South Interior Torngats8.1 
9.Peak 4700 Map 24I16 No 16401463South Interior Torngats8.6 
10.Peak 478611841459South Interior Torngats18.5 
11.Peak 468611231428South Interior Torngats20.2 
12.Peak 4500 Map 14L126091402South Interior Torngats6.8 
13.Mount Eliot10221388Coastal Torngats21.3 
14.Four Peaks High Point13401371Coastal Torngats24.1 
15.Mount Tetragona10511356Coastal Torngats15.2 
16.Peak 4300 Map 14L119751341Coastal Torngats31.6 
16.Peak 4300 Map 24P18831341North Interior Torngats7.0 
18.Peak 4200 Map 24P911571310North Interior Torngats13.9 
18.Peak 4200 Map 24P1 No 17611310North Interior Torngats5.1 
20.Four Peaks-South Peak10361280Coastal Torngats6.4 
20.Peak 4100 Map 24P1 No 16701280North Interior Torngats5.8 
22.Mont Jacques-Cartier11001268Chic-Choc Mountains405.7 
23.Mont Jacques-Rousseau7421261North Interior Torngats15.7 
24.Brave Mountain12491249Kaumajet Mountains90.4 
24.Four Peaks-East Peak7301249Coastal Torngats3.5 
26.Mount Pinguksoak8161243Coastal Torngats20.3 
27.Peak 3900 Map 14L57001219South Interior Torngats19.9 
28.Peak 39457751202Coastal Torngats8.4 
29.Mealy Mountains High Point8491200Mealy Mountains519.3 
30.Mount Goetze7301188Coastal Torngats5.6 
30.Peak 3800 Map 24P97301188North Interior Torngats9.1 
30.Peak 3800 Map 14M46081188Coastal Torngats4.2 
33.Quartzite Mountain6981186Coastal Torngats7.5 
34.Blow Me Down Mountain8171183Coastal Torngats19.8 
35.Mont Raoul-Blanchard7951175 206.4 
36.Mont Logan6401160Chic-Choc Mountains31.9 
36.Mealy Peak 76201160Mealy Mountains13.0 
38.Peak 3700 Map 14L116391158Coastal Torngats8.6 
39.Mont Albert7551151Chic-Choc Mountains14.0 
40.Peak 3720 Map 24P87681134North Interior Torngats9.4 
41.Peak 3600 Map 24P99131127North Interior Torngats10.6 
41.Mount Razorback8521127Coastal Torngats14.9 
41.Peak 3600 Map 14L107001127Coastal Torngats10.3 
41.Peak 3600 Map 14L117001127Coastal Torngats11.9 
41.Peak 3600 Map 24P96391127North Interior Torngats4.1 
46.Mount Kaputyat6941121North Interior Torngats9.1 
47.Kutyaupak Mountain8831097South Interior Torngats5.1 
47.Four Peaks-North Peak8531097Coastal Torngats3.9 
47.Peak 3500 Map 24P97921097North Interior Torngats4.8 
47.Peak 3500 Map 24P96391097North Interior Torngats3.8 
51.Peak 3400 Map 14E27301066Kiglapait Mountains60.8 
52.Mont Blanc7311065Chic-Choc Mountains19.0 
53.Man O'War Peak9891050Kiglapait Mountains103.9 
54.Peak 34156441041Coastal Torngats6.0 
55.The Finger9441036Kaumajet Mountains6.7 
55.Peak 3300 Map 14F137921036Kaumajet Mountains5.4 
55.Peak 3300 Map 14M57001036Coastal Torngats3.6 
55.Peak 3300 Map 14E16701036Kiglapait Mountains19.4 
59.Peak 3200 Map 14E17001005Kiglapait Mountains7.0 
60.Sommet Rond722962Canadian Green Mountains13.7 
61.Cod Island High Point944944Kaumajet Mountains10.0 
61.Mount Thoresby944944Kiglapait Mountains14.0 
61.North Aulatsivik Island High Point944944Coastal Torngats11.8 
61.Aupalukitak Mountain700944Kiglapait Mountains10.6 
61.Four Peaks-Southeast Peak669944Coastal Torngats4.3 
66.Mount Cornelius764917Coastal Torngats6.6 
67.Peak 2900 Map 14D16 No 2792914Kiglapait Mountains7.5 
67.Peak 2900 Map 14D16 No 1670914Kiglapait Mountains21.5 
69.Mont Saint-Pierre723906Central Notre Dame Mountains75.1 
70.Kammarsuit Mountain874905Coastal Torngats9.4 
71.Mount Lister883883Kiglapait Mountains22.1 
71.Peak 2800 Map 14E8 No 2639883Kiglapait Mountains7.2 
71.Peak 2800 Map 14F4639883Kiglapait Mountains19.5 
71.Peak 2800 Map 24P16639883North Interior Torngats12.0 
75.Mont Orford610860Canadian Green Mountains33.2 
76.Peak 2803762854Coastal Torngats25.7 
77.Ikordlearsuk Mountain822853Coastal Torngats9.7 
77.Peak 2700 Map 14M3792853Coastal Torngats5.6 
77.Cod Island Peak 2700700853Kaumajet Mountains14.7 
77.Peak 2700 Map 14L7 North670853Coastal Torngats27.7 
81.Peak 2600 Map 14E1791822Kiglapait Mountains8.7 
81.Peak 2600 Map 14E7669822Kiglapait Mountains14.2 
81.Peak 2600 Map 14M3639822Coastal Torngats4.5 
84.Mount Carleton630820New Brunswick Highlands134.7 
85.The Cabox812812Long Range Mountains500.6 
86.Gros Morne700807Long Range Mountains98.8 
87.Drachart Island High Point792792Kaumajet Mountains8.8 
87.Peak 2500 Map 24P9670792Coastal Torngats8.0 
89.Peak 2300 Map 14M3670731Coastal Torngats12.1 
89.Peak 2300 Map 14M5639731Coastal Torngats8.2 
91.Peak 2363720720Coastal Torngats5.2 
92.Mount Bache670670Coastal Torngats7.1 
93.Peak 2000 Map 25A1640640Coastal Torngats12.0 

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List Description

List Info

2000 feet of prominence has become an informal threshold among U.S. prominence researchers that signifies that a peak has major stature. There are just enough of these peaks to keep track of them, and tallys of the number of peaks with prominence of 2000 feet (P2K) by state and region is used as a rough measure of mountainous ruggedness.

Edward Earl, Andy Martin, and others compiled lists of all the P2K peaks in the 48 U.S. states--a total of about 1200, with Nevada (169), California (163), and Washington State (144) having the most. Alaska is so huge and so mountainous that no attempt has been made to tabulate all the P2Ks there; instead, a 5000-foot threshold gives plenty of results. Western Canada is like Alaska--any attempt to find all the P2Ks would be a massive undertaking.

Therefore, I decided to find out how many P2Ks there were in eastern Canada. I figured that there were not too many--the highpoint of the Torngat Mounains, a few in the northern Appalachians, and the Newfoundland island high point. My guess was that there were maybe about ten.

When I started looking at the online topo maps of the Torngat Mountains, though, it became clear that there were scores of P2K peaks. I posted my preliminiary tally of about 40 or so, and over the next few months Richard Garland picked up where I left off, finding more Torngat peaks and exploring off into the other ranges of Labrador. I double-checked Richard's work using GIS software to help me make sense of the terrible online Toporama maps, and determined all the P2K peaks in the Canadian Appalachians. Together, Richard and I came up with this list of 73 peaks.

This is an amazingly high number. This is almost as many P2K peaks than in the eastern USA (78) or Colorado (81), and the same as in Arizona or Oregon. Considering that the high point of the area is only 5420 feet, and most of it is very flat, this number is surprising. The glaciers really carved up the ranges of northern Labrador with deep gorges, exactly the kind of geologic action that produces high-prominence peaks.

This list should be over 95% complete at this point. Most summits have no names, so are designated by their elevations and map sheet names. Most of them have probably not been climbed yet. There are 9 peaks on this list in the Appalachian Mountains: 6 in Quebec, 1 in New Brunswick, and 2 on the island of Newfoundland. The remaining 64 peaks are in Labrador.

Acknowledgements

Many thanks go to Richard Garland, who did an incredibly impressive job of helping me research these peaks, their elevations, and their prominences. We both spent hours poring over the terrible online GIFs from the Toporama web site, counting unlabelled contour lines, and Richard didn't even have the advantage of GIS software to help out! I especially thank him for inspiring me to continue work on this after I started to lose some interest. See his web site below for the most complete reference for the Torngats ever assembled.

Links

     Papa Bear's Torngat's Page - Richard Garland
     Toporama: Canadian Topographic Maps Online

 


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