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Eastern Canada Peaks with 2000 feet of Prominence

RankPeak Prom-M  Elev-M Range (Level 5)Isol-KmAscent Date
1.Mount Caubvick13671652South Interior Torngats791.4 
2.Peak 5100 Map 24I1612801554South Interior Torngats14.7 
3.Four Peaks High Point12801341Coastal Torngats24.1 
4.Brave Mountain11891219Kaumajet Mountains90.4 
5.Peak 478611541459South Interior Torngats18.5 
6.Peak 5000 Map 24P110971524North Interior Torngats20.7 
7.Peak 4200 Map 24P910971280North Interior Torngats13.9 
8.Peak 468610931428South Interior Torngats20.2 
9.Mont Jacques-Cartier10851268Chic-Choc Mountains405.7 
10.Mount Tetragona10211356Coastal Torngats15.2 
11.Mount Eliot9921388Coastal Torngats21.3 
12.Four Peaks-South Peak9761250Coastal Torngats6.4 
13.Man O'War Peak9591050Kiglapait Mountains103.9 
14.Peak 4300 Map 14L119151311Coastal Torngats31.6 
15.Mount Thoresby914914Kiglapait Mountains14.0 
15.Cod Island High Point914914Kaumajet Mountains10.0 
17.Innuit Mountain8991509North Interior Torngats6.0 
18.The Finger8841006Kaumajet Mountains6.7 
19.North Aulatsivik Island High Point884914Coastal Torngats11.8 
20.Peak 3600 Map 24P98531097North Interior Torngats10.6 
21.Kammarsuit Mountain844905Coastal Torngats9.4 
22.Peak 4300 Map 24P18231311North Interior Torngats7.0 
23.Kutyaupak Mountain8231067South Interior Torngats5.1 
24.Mount Lister823853Kiglapait Mountains22.1 
25.Mealy Mountains High Point8141180Mealy Mountains519.3 
26.The Cabox812812Long Range Mountains500.6 
27.Cirque Mountain8061568Coastal Torngats9.2 
28.Mount Razorback7921097Coastal Torngats14.9 
29.Four Peaks-North Peak7931067Coastal Torngats3.9 
30.Blow Me Down Mountain7871183Coastal Torngats19.8 
31.Mount Pinguksoak7861243Coastal Torngats20.3 
32.Mont Raoul-Blanchard7851175 206.4 
33.Peak 5000 Map 24I167621524South Interior Torngats4.4 
34.Ikordlearsuk Mountain762823Coastal Torngats9.7 
35.Drachart Island High Point762762Kaumajet Mountains8.8 
36.Peak 39457451202Coastal Torngats8.4 
37.Mont Albert7401151Chic-Choc Mountains14.0 
38.Peak 48247381470South Interior Torngats8.1 
39.Peak 3720 Map 24P87381134North Interior Torngats9.4 
40.Mount Cornelius734917Coastal Torngats6.6 
41.Peak 2803732854Coastal Torngats25.7 
42.Peak 3500 Map 24P97321067North Interior Torngats4.8 
43.Peak 3300 Map 14F137321006Kaumajet Mountains5.4 
44.Peak 2900 Map 14D16 No 2732884Kiglapait Mountains7.5 
45.Peak 2700 Map 14M3732823Coastal Torngats5.6 
46.Peak 2600 Map 14E1731792Kiglapait Mountains8.7 
47.Mont Blanc7311065Chic-Choc Mountains19.0 
48.Mont Jacques-Rousseau7121261North Interior Torngats15.7 
49.Sommet Rond712962Canadian Green Mountains13.7 
50.Torngarsoak Mountain7111595South Interior Torngats7.9 
51.Mont Saint-Pierre708906Central Notre Dame Mountains75.1 
52.Peak 4200 Map 24P1 No 17011280North Interior Torngats5.1 
53.Peak 2363690720Coastal Torngats5.2 
54.Gros Morne685807Long Range Mountains98.8 
55.Four Peaks-East Peak6701219Coastal Torngats3.5 
56.Mount Goetze6701158Coastal Torngats5.6 
56.Peak 3800 Map 24P96701158North Interior Torngats9.1 
58.Peak 3400 Map 14E26701036Kiglapait Mountains60.8 
59.Quartzite Mountain6681186Coastal Torngats7.5 
60.Mount Kaputyat6641121North Interior Torngats9.1 
61.Peak 3900 Map 14L56401189South Interior Torngats19.9 
62.Peak 3600 Map 14L106401097Coastal Torngats10.3 
62.Peak 3600 Map 14L116401097Coastal Torngats11.9 
64.Peak 3300 Map 14M56401006Coastal Torngats3.6 
65.Peak 3200 Map 14E1640975Kiglapait Mountains7.0 
66.Aupalukitak Mountain640914Kiglapait Mountains10.6 
67.Cod Island Peak 2700640823Kaumajet Mountains14.7 
68.Mont Logan6201150Chic-Choc Mountains31.9 
69.Mount Carleton620820New Brunswick Highlands134.7 
70.Peak 34156141041Coastal Torngats6.0 
71.Peak 4100 Map 24P1 No 16101250North Interior Torngats5.8 
72.Peak 3300 Map 14E16101006Kiglapait Mountains19.4 
73.Four Peaks-Southeast Peak609914Coastal Torngats4.3 
74.Peak 2900 Map 14D16 No 1610884Kiglapait Mountains21.5 
75.Peak 2700 Map 14L7 North610823Coastal Torngats27.7 
76.Peak 2600 Map 14E7609792Kiglapait Mountains14.2 
77.Peak 2500 Map 24P9610762Coastal Torngats8.0 
78.Peak 2300 Map 14M3610701Coastal Torngats12.1 
79.Mount Bache610640Coastal Torngats7.1 

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List Description

List Info

2000 feet of prominence has become an informal threshold among U.S. prominence researchers that signifies that a peak has major stature. There are just enough of these peaks to keep track of them, and tallys of the number of peaks with prominence of 2000 feet (P2K) by state and region is used as a rough measure of mountainous ruggedness.

Edward Earl, Andy Martin, and others compiled lists of all the P2K peaks in the 48 U.S. states--a total of about 1200, with Nevada (169), California (163), and Washington State (144) having the most. Alaska is so huge and so mountainous that no attempt has been made to tabulate all the P2Ks there; instead, a 5000-foot threshold gives plenty of results. Western Canada is like Alaska--any attempt to find all the P2Ks would be a massive undertaking.

Therefore, I decided to find out how many P2Ks there were in eastern Canada. I figured that there were not too many--the highpoint of the Torngat Mounains, a few in the northern Appalachians, and the Newfoundland island high point. My guess was that there were maybe about ten.

When I started looking at the online topo maps of the Torngat Mountains, though, it became clear that there were scores of P2K peaks. I posted my preliminiary tally of about 40 or so, and over the next few months Richard Garland picked up where I left off, finding more Torngat peaks and exploring off into the other ranges of Labrador. I double-checked Richard's work using GIS software to help me make sense of the terrible online Toporama maps, and determined all the P2K peaks in the Canadian Appalachians. Together, Richard and I came up with this list of 73 peaks.

This is an amazingly high number. This is almost as many P2K peaks than in the eastern USA (78) or Colorado (81), and the same as in Arizona or Oregon. Considering that the high point of the area is only 5420 feet, and most of it is very flat, this number is surprising. The glaciers really carved up the ranges of northern Labrador with deep gorges, exactly the kind of geologic action that produces high-prominence peaks.

This list should be over 95% complete at this point. Most summits have no names, so are designated by their elevations and map sheet names. Most of them have probably not been climbed yet. There are 9 peaks on this list in the Appalachian Mountains: 6 in Quebec, 1 in New Brunswick, and 2 on the island of Newfoundland. The remaining 64 peaks are in Labrador.

Acknowledgements

Many thanks go to Richard Garland, who did an incredibly impressive job of helping me research these peaks, their elevations, and their prominences. We both spent hours poring over the terrible online GIFs from the Toporama web site, counting unlabelled contour lines, and Richard didn't even have the advantage of GIS software to help out! I especially thank him for inspiring me to continue work on this after I started to lose some interest. See his web site below for the most complete reference for the Torngats ever assembled.

Links

     Papa Bear's Torngat's Page - Richard Garland
     Toporama: Canadian Topographic Maps Online

 


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