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Eastern Canada Peaks with 2000 feet of Prominence

RankPeak Prom-M
(Avg)
 Elev-M
(Avg)
Range (Level 5)Isol-KmAscent Date
1.Mount Caubvick13671652South Interior Torngats791.4 
2.Peak 5100 Map 24I1613111570South Interior Torngats14.4 
2.Four Peaks High Point13111356Coastal Torngats24.1 
4.Brave Mountain12191234Central Labrador90.3 
5.Peak 478611691459South Interior Torngats18.4 
6.Peak 5000 Map 24P111281539North Interior Torngats16.6 
6.Peak 4200 Map 24P911281295North Interior Torngats13.6 
8.Peak 468611081428South Interior Torngats20.2 
9.Mont Jacques-Cartier10931268Chic-Choc Mountains405.7 
10.Mount Tetragona10361356Coastal Torngats15.2 
11.Mount Eliot10071388Coastal Torngats20.4 
12.Four Peaks-South Peak10061265Coastal Torngats6.3 
13.Man O'War Peak9741050Kiglapait Mountains102.9 
14.Peak 4300 Map 14L119451326Coastal Torngats31.1 
15.Cod Island High Point930930Central Labrador10.0 
15.Mount Thoresby930930Kiglapait Mountains12.5 
17.Innuit Mountain9151509North Interior Torngats3.8 
18.The Finger9141021Central Labrador6.2 
18.North Aulatsivik Island High Point914930Coastal Torngats.1 
20.Peak 3600 Map 24P98841113North Interior Torngats10.5 
21.Kammarsuit Mountain860905Coastal Torngats8.8 
22.Peak 4300 Map 24P18531326North Interior Torngats6.6 
22.Kutyaupak Mountain8531082South Interior Torngats5.0 
22.Mount Lister853869Kiglapait Mountains22.0 
25.Mealy Mountains High Point8321190Mealy Mountains519.0 
26.Mount Razorback8231113Coastal Torngats14.4 
26.Four Peaks-North Peak8231082Coastal Torngats3.6 
28.Cirque Mountain8211568Coastal Torngats8.7 
29.The Cabox812812Long Range Mountains447.2 
30.Blow Me Down Mountain8021183Coastal Torngats17.9 
31.Mount Pinguksoak8011243Coastal Torngats18.4 
32.Peak 5000 Map 24I167921539South Interior Torngats4.1 
32.Ikordlearsuk Mountain792838Coastal Torngats9.2 
34.Mont Raoul-Blanchard7901175 206.0 
35.Drachart Island High Point777777Central Labrador5.3 
36.Peak 3500 Map 24P97621082North Interior Torngats4.8 
36.Peak 3300 Map 14F137621021Central Labrador3.6 
36.Peak 2900 Map 14D16 No 2762899Kiglapait Mountains7.5 
36.Peak 2700 Map 14M3762838Coastal Torngats3.6 
36.Peak 2600 Map 14E1762808Kiglapait Mountains8.1 
41.Peak 39457601202Coastal Torngats8.2 
42.Mount Barnes-Pauzé7541470South Interior Torngats7.9 
43.Peak 3720 Map 24P87531134North Interior Torngats7.6 
44.Mount Cornelius750917Coastal Torngats5.7 
45.Peak 2803748854Coastal Torngats11.9 
46.Mont Albert7471151Chic-Choc Mountains.4 
47.Peak 4200 Map 24P1 No 17321295North Interior Torngats.6 
48.Mont Blanc7311065Chic-Choc Mountains18.9 
49.Mont Jacques-Rousseau7281261North Interior Torngats16.6 
50.Torngarsoak Mountain7261595South Interior Torngats7.9 
51.Sommet Rond717962Canadian Green Mountains13.4 
52.Mont Saint-Pierre715906Central Notre Dame Mountains64.2 
53.Sommet TG77101273South Interior Torngats12.5 
54.Peak 2363705720Coastal Torngats3.5 
55.Four Peaks-East Peak7011234Coastal Torngats3.5 
55.Mount Goetze7011173Coastal Torngats5.6 
55.Peak 3800 Map 24P97011173North Interior Torngats7.3 
55.Peak 3400 Map 14E27011052Kiglapait Mountains60.8 
59.Gros Morne693807Long Range Mountains98.8 
60.Mont Yapeitso6881135Monts Otish467.1 
61.Quartzite Mountain6831186Coastal Torngats4.4 
62.Mount Kaputyat6791121North Interior Torngats7.4 
63.Mont de l'Ouest677925Chic-Choc Mountains11.1 
64.Peak 3900 Map 14L56711204South Interior Torngats12.2 
64.Peak 3600 Map 14L106711113Coastal Torngats9.9 
64.Peak 3600 Map 14L116711113Coastal Torngats6.7 
64.Peak 3300 Map 14M56711021Coastal Torngats3.3 
64.Peak 3200 Map 14E1671991Kiglapait Mountains.1 
64.Aupalukitak Mountain671930Kiglapait Mountains8.9 
64.Cod Island Peak 2700671838Central Labrador7.4 
71.Peak 4100 Map 24P1 No 16401265North Interior Torngats3.4 
71.Peak 3300 Map 14E16401021Kiglapait Mountains19.0 
71.Four Peaks-Southeast Peak640930Coastal Torngats3.1 
71.Peak 2900 Map 14D16 No 1640899Kiglapait Mountains21.4 
71.Peak 2700 Map 14L7 North640838Coastal Torngats23.7 
71.Peak 2600 Map 14E7640808Kiglapait Mountains13.7 
71.Peak 2500 Map 24P9640777Coastal Torngats7.5 
71.Peak 2300 Map 14M3640716Coastal Torngats3.2 
71.Mount Bache640655Coastal Torngats6.9 
80.Mont Logan6301155Chic-Choc Mountains31.8 
80.Mont Jérémie6301055 .3 
82.Peak 34156291041Coastal Torngats5.0 
83.Mount Carleton625820New Brunswick Highlands133.2 
84.Mont des Neiges618979 52.6 
85.Peak 4700 Map 24I16 No 16101448South Interior Torngats8.6 
85.Peak 3700 Map 14L116101143Coastal Torngats5.0 
85.Peak 3600 Map 24P96101113North Interior Torngats4.0 
85.Peak 3500 Map 24P96101082North Interior Torngats1.5 
85.Peak 2800 Map 14E8 No 2610869Kiglapait Mountains7.2 
85.Peak 2800 Map 14F4610869Kiglapait Mountains3.0 
85.Peak 2800 Map 24P16610869North Interior Torngats12.0 
85.Peak 2600 Map 14M3610808Coastal Torngats4.0 
85.Peak 2300 Map 14M5610716Coastal Torngats6.4 
85.Peak 2000 Map 25A1610625Coastal Torngats9.4 
 Mealy Peak 76001150Mealy Mountains12.8 
 Peak 4500 Map 14L125791387South Interior Torngats6.5 
 Peak 3800 Map 14M45791173Coastal Torngats3.9 

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List Description

List Info

2000 feet of prominence has become an informal threshold among U.S. prominence researchers that signifies that a peak has major stature. There are just enough of these peaks to keep track of them, and tallys of the number of peaks with prominence of 2000 feet (P2K) by state and region is used as a rough measure of mountainous ruggedness.

Edward Earl, Andy Martin, and others compiled lists of all the P2K peaks in the 48 U.S. states--a total of about 1200, with Nevada (169), California (163), and Washington State (144) having the most. Alaska is so huge and so mountainous that no attempt has been made to tabulate all the P2Ks there; instead, a 5000-foot threshold gives plenty of results. Western Canada is like Alaska--any attempt to find all the P2Ks would be a massive undertaking.

Therefore, I decided to find out how many P2Ks there were in eastern Canada. I figured that there were not too many--the highpoint of the Torngat Mounains, a few in the northern Appalachians, and the Newfoundland island high point. My guess was that there were maybe about ten.

When I started looking at the online topo maps of the Torngat Mountains, though, it became clear that there were scores of P2K peaks. I posted my preliminiary tally of about 40 or so, and over the next few months Richard Garland picked up where I left off, finding more Torngat peaks and exploring off into the other ranges of Labrador. I double-checked Richard's work using GIS software to help me make sense of the terrible online Toporama maps, and determined all the P2K peaks in the Canadian Appalachians. Together, Richard and I came up with this list of 73 peaks.

This is an amazingly high number. This is almost as many P2K peaks than in the eastern USA (78) or Colorado (81), and the same as in Arizona or Oregon. Considering that the high point of the area is only 5420 feet, and most of it is very flat, this number is surprising. The glaciers really carved up the ranges of northern Labrador with deep gorges, exactly the kind of geologic action that produces high-prominence peaks.

This list should be over 95% complete at this point. Most summits have no names, so are designated by their elevations and map sheet names. Most of them have probably not been climbed yet. There are 9 peaks on this list in the Appalachian Mountains: 6 in Quebec, 1 in New Brunswick, and 2 on the island of Newfoundland. The remaining 64 peaks are in Labrador.

Acknowledgements

Many thanks go to Richard Garland, who did an incredibly impressive job of helping me research these peaks, their elevations, and their prominences. We both spent hours poring over the terrible online GIFs from the Toporama web site, counting unlabelled contour lines, and Richard didn't even have the advantage of GIS software to help out! I especially thank him for inspiring me to continue work on this after I started to lose some interest. See his web site below for the most complete reference for the Torngats ever assembled.

Links

     Papa Bear's Torngat's Page - Richard Garland
     Toporama: Canadian Topographic Maps Online

 


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