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World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation

RankPeakIsol-KmCountry Elev-M IslandArea-SqKm
1.Mount EverestInfiniteChina/Nepal8848  
2.Aconcagua16517.6Argentina6962  
3.Mount McKinley7450.2United States6194  
4.Kilimanjaro5509.7Tanzania5895  
5.Carstensz Pyramid5261.6Indonesia4884New Guinea808,510
6.Vinson Massif4910.7Antarctica4892  
7.Mont Orohena4128.1French Polynesia2241Tahiti1,036
8.Mauna Kea3946.9United States4205Hawaii (Big Island)10,432
9.Gunnbjørn Fjeld3254.1Greenland3694Greenland2,130,800
10.Mount Cook3139.1New Zealand3754South Island150,460
11.Thabana Ntlenyana3003.8Lesotho3482  
12.Maunga Terevaka2831.7Chile507Easter Island117
13.Mont Blanc2812.0France/Italy4810  
14.Piton des Neiges2766.6Reunion3071Réunion2,507
15.Klyuchevskaya Sopka2746.9Russia4750  
16.Pico de Orizaba2690.1Mexico5636  
17.Queen Mary's Peak2661.7Saint Helena2060Tristan da Cunha202
18.Mount Whitney2649.5United States4418  
19.Kinabalu2513.1Malaysia4095Borneo725,500
20.Elbrus2469.9Russia5642  
21.Pico da Bandeira2342.5Brazil2897  
22.Mont Cameroun2337.7Cameroon4040  
23.Mount Paget2266.4South Georgia2915South Georgia4,066
24.Mauga Silisili2245.2Samoa1858Savai‘i1,709
25.Nevado Huascarán2196.2Peru6746  
26.Anai Mudi2109.2India2695  
27.Jebel Toubkal2078.2Morocco4167  
28.Fuji-san2076.7Japan3776Honshu230,455
29.Big Ben2045.8Heard and McDonald Islands2745Heard Island372
30.Emi Koussi1998.8Chad3445  
31.Mount Mitchell1913.5United States2037  
32.Gunung Kerinci1904.0Indonesia3805Sumatra473,605
33.Agrihan High Point1898.0Northern Mariana Islands965Agrihan40
34.Mount Kosciuszko1894.3Australia2228  
35.Olavtoppen1851.2Bouvet Island780Bouvet Island50
36.Jarvis High Point1848.6U.S. Minor Pacific Islands23Jarvis Island4
37.Gora Narodnaya1835.4Russia1895  
38.Mascarin Peak1826.6South Africa1230Marion Island295
39.Yushan1814.8Taiwan3952Taiwan35,801
40.Green Mountain1812.9Saint Helena859Ascension Island88
41.Moro de Môco1727.4Angola2620  
42.Diego Garcia High Point1676.7British Indian Ocean Territory7Diego Garcia44
43.Pico de Cano1672.4Cape Verde2829Fogo474
44.Gunung Rinjani1600.7Indonesia3726Lombok5,435
45.Mount Kirkpatrick1585.2Antarctica4528  
46.Loma Mansa1570.8Sierra Leone1945  
47.Galdhøpiggen1568.3Norway2469  
48.Mount Zeil1549.3Australia1531  
49.Baker High Point1484.3U.S. Minor Pacific Islands8Baker Island2
50.Ras Dashen1484.0Ethiopia4550  
51.Montanha do Pico1451.3Portugal2351Pico461
52.Mont de la Dives1408.7French Southern Lands881Île Amsterdam60
53.Oave1355.0French Polynesia1232Ua Pou111
54.Volcán Wolf1335.0Ecuador1707Isabela4,274
55.Gora Kamen1331.6Russia1701  
56.Mount Washington1318.9United States1917  
57.Ngihneni1317.5Micronesia791Pohnpei456
58.K21315.6China/Pakistan8614  
59.Mount Meharry1308.5Australia1249  
60.Diana's Peak1291.8Saint Helena823St. Helena122
61.Pico Cristóbal Colón1287.0Colombia5776  
62.Sapitwa Peak1271.6Malawi3003  
63.Mount Minto1244.8Antarctica4166  
64.Dome Argus1236.6Antarctica4093  
65.Gora Pobeda1234.2Russia3003  
66.Pik BAM1227.8Russia3072  
67.Bluff Knoll1225.7Australia1095  
68.Perahu1185.2French Polynesia633Rapa40
69.Mount Rainier1176.7United States4392  
70.Damavand1164.7Iran5610  
71.Tahat1153.2Algeria2908  
72.Gora Yamantau1150.7Russia1638  
73.Pico Trinidade1147.2Brazil690Trindade10
74.Town Hill1136.1Bermuda76Bermuda39
75.Cerro San Valentín1130.2Chile4058  
76.Morne Seychellois1107.8Seychelles905Mahé154
77.Mont Marion-Dufresne1106.3French Southern Lands1090Ile de l'Est122
78.Mount Victoria1101.1Fiji Islands1324Viti Levu10,429
79.Wake High Point1084.6U.S. Minor Pacific Islands6Wake Island8
80.Mount Elbert1079.1United States4399  
81.Mont Duff1067.5French Polynesia491Mangaréva18
82.Novaya Zemlya High Point1065.0Russia1549North Novaya Zemlya48,900
83.Maromokotro1041.7Madagascar2876Madagascar578,401
84.Minami Tori Shima High Point1017.9Japan9Minami Tori Shima1
85.Hombori Tondo1015.9Mali1155  
86.Paektu-san1014.6North Korea/China2744  

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List Description

Isolation for any given peak is defined as the distance (in miles or kilometers) from that peak to the nearest higher land. There are no peaks higher than the given summit within the circle with a radius of its isolation distance.

This list is the first attempt to create a comprehensive and accurate list of all the peaks in the world with an isolation distance of 1000 km (621 miles) or more, based on distance to nearest higher ground. Many isolation lists, including earlier versions of this one, used distance to nearest higher summit in a database instead of the more meaningful distance to the Isolation Limit Point (ILP or nearest higher ground). However, all peaks on this list have had their ILPs manually created and checked, and the list is believed to be complete.

There could still be errors or omissions on this list. The primary issue complicating the research for isolation peaks is coral atolls. There are huge archipelagos of these extremely low flat islands, such as the Marshall Islands or the Tuamotu Islands, and if one of them is a meter higher than the rest it could have a huge isolation number. So confidence is not very high in stating that the Wake Island high point, (6 meters high) has an isolation of 1085 km based on distance to the Likiep atoll (10 meters).

Indeed, many small mid-oceanic islands show up on this list, and the worldwide peak map shows a very interesting pattern, as if the peak dots were placed completely randomly without regard to landmasses. About 30 peaks on mid-oceanic islands such as Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Easter Island, Diego Garcia, Bermuda, Saint Helena, and others make this list, over a third of the total. You can sort this list by the "Island" or "Area" columns to group together peaks on islands.

(Note that previous versions of this list did not assign a rank to peaks located on islands with areas under 1000 square kilometers, but that arbitrary distinction has been abolished. Now all peaks are treated equally, no matter if the area within their isolation radius is mostly land or water.)

For the globe-trotting peakbagger, this is a somewhat attractive list, similar to the World 100 Most Prominent Peaks list, with which it shares 28 peaks. The only 8000 meter peaks on the list are Everest and K2.

One interesting quirk of this list is the distribution by country. Here are the six largest countries by area and their count of 1000 km isolation peaks:

  • Russia: 8
  • Canada: 0
  • China: 3 (all on the border)
  • USA: 7
  • Brazil: 2
  • Australia: 4

It is very odd that the second largest country has zero peaks on this list, with the most isolated peaks in Canada being Mount Barbeau and Mount Caubvick, both with under 800 km. Large areas of land with a continuous slope or a "staircase" of higher and higher peaks will not produce many high-isolation peaks, and this appears to be the case for Canada.

 


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