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World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation

RankPeakIsol-MiCountry Elev-Ft IslandArea-SqMiAscent Date
1.Mount EverestInfiniteChina/Nepal29,029   
58.K2817.5China/Pakistan28,261   
2.Aconcagua10263.6Argentina22,841   
25.Nevado Huascarán1364.7Peru22,133   
3.Mount McKinley4629.4United States20,320   
4.Kilimanjaro3423.6Tanzania19,341   
61.Pico Cristóbal Colón799.7Colombia18,950   
20.Elbrus1534.7Russia18,510   
16.Pico de Orizaba1671.6Mexico18,491   
70.Damavand723.7Iran18,406   
6.Vinson Massif3051.3Antarctica16,050   
13.Mont Blanc1747.3France/Italy15,781   
15.Klyuchevskaya Sopka1706.9Russia15,584   
50.Ras Dashen Terara922.1Ethiopia14,872   
45.Mount Kirkpatrick985.0Antarctica14,856   
18.Mount Whitney1646.3United States14,495   
80.Mount Elbert670.6United States14,433   
69.Mount Rainier731.2United States14,411   
27.Jebel Toubkal1291.4Morocco13,671   
63.Mount Minto773.5Antarctica13,668   
64.Dome Argus768.4Antarctica13,428   
75.Cerro San Valentín702.2Chile13,314   
22.Mont Cameroun1452.6Cameroon13,255   
11.Thabana Ntlenyana1866.5Lesotho11,424   
30.Emi Koussi1242.0Chad11,302   
66.Pik BAM762.9Russia10,079   
65.Gora Pobeda766.9Russia9852   
62.Sapitwa Peak790.2Malawi9852   
71.Tahat716.6Algeria9541   
21.Pico da Bandeira1455.6Brazil9505   
86.Paektu-san630.4North Korea/China9003   
26.Anai Mudi1310.6India8842   
41.Moro de Môco1073.4Angola8596   
47.Galdhøpiggen974.5Norway8100   
34.Mount Kosciuszko1177.0Australia7310   
31.Mount Mitchell1189.0United States6684   
46.Loma Mansa976.0Sierra Leone6381   
56.Mount Washington819.6United States6288   
37.Gora Narodnaya1140.4Russia6217   
55.Gora Kamen827.4Russia5581   
72.Gora Yamantau715.0Russia5374   
48.Mount Zeil962.7Australia5023   
59.Mount Meharry813.1Australia4098   
85.Hombori Tondo631.3Mali3789   
67.Bluff Knoll761.6Australia3593   
33.Agrihan High Point1179.4Northern Mariana Islands3166Agrihan15 
40.Green Mountain1126.5Saint Helena2818Ascension Island34 
49.Baker High Point922.3U.S. Minor Pacific Islands26Baker Island1 
74.Town Hill705.9Bermuda249Bermuda15 
19.Kinabalu1561.5Malaysia13,435Borneo280,116 
35.Olavtoppen1150.3Bouvet Island2559Bouvet Island19 
42.Diego Garcia High Point1041.8British Indian Ocean Territory23Diego Garcia17 
12.Maunga Terevaka1759.2Chile1660Easter Island45 
43.Pico de Cano1039.2Cape Verde9281Fogo183 
9.Gunnbjørn Fjeld2022.0Greenland12,118Greenland822,703 
8.Mauna Kea2452.5United States13,796Hawaii (Big Island)4,028 
29.Big Ben1271.5Heard and McDonald Islands9006Heard Island144 
28.Fuji-san1290.4Japan12,388Honshu88,979 
52.Mont de la Dives875.8French Southern Lands2844Île Amsterdam23 
77.Mont Marion-Dufresne687.4French Southern Lands3576Ile de l'Est47 
54.Volcán Wolf829.8Ecuador5600Isabela1,650 
36.Jarvis High Point1148.6U.S. Minor Pacific Islands75Jarvis Island2 
44.Gunung Rinjani994.6Indonesia12,224Lombok2,098 
83.Maromokotro647.3Madagascar9436Madagascar223,321 
76.Morne Seychellois688.4Seychelles2969Mahé59 
81.Mont Duff663.3French Polynesia1611Mangaréva7 
38.Swart Peak1136.5South Africa4035Marion Island114 
84.Minami Tori Shima High Point632.5Japan30Minami Tori Shima 
5.Carstensz Pyramid3269.4Indonesia16,024New Guinea312,166 
82.Novaya Zemlya High Point661.8Russia5082North Novaya Zemlya18,880 
51.Pico Alto901.8Portugal7713Pico178 
57.Ngihneni818.0Micronesia2595Pohnpei176 
68.Perahu736.5French Polynesia2077Rapa15 
14.Piton des Neiges1719.1Reunion10,075Réunion968 
24.Mauga Silisili1395.1Samoa6096Savai‘i660 
23.Mount Paget1408.3South Georgia9564South Georgia1,570 
10.Mount Cook1950.6New Zealand12,316South Island58,093 
60.Diana's Peak802.7Saint Helena2700St. Helena47 
32.Gunung Kerinci1183.1Indonesia12,484Sumatra182,859 
7.Mont Orohena2565.1French Polynesia7352Tahiti400 
39.Yushan1127.6Taiwan12,966Taiwan13,823 
73.Pico Trinidade712.8Brazil2264Trindade4 
17.Queen Mary's Peak1653.9Saint Helena6759Tristan da Cunha78 
53.Oave842.0French Polynesia4042Ua Pou43 
78.Mount Victoria684.2Fiji Islands4344Viti Levu4,027 
79.Wake High Point673.9U.S. Minor Pacific Islands20Wake Island3 

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List Description

Isolation for any given peak is defined as the distance (in miles or kilometers) from that peak to the nearest higher land. There are no peaks higher than the given summit within the circle with a radius of its isolation distance.

This list is the first attempt to create a comprehensive and accurate list of all the peaks in the world with an isolation distance of 1000 km (621 miles) or more, based on distance to nearest higher ground. Many isolation lists, including earlier versions of this one, used distance to nearest higher summit in a database instead of the more meaningful distance to the Isolation Limit Point (ILP or nearest higher ground). However, all peaks on this list have had their ILPs manually created and checked, and the list is believed to be complete.

There could still be errors or omissions on this list. The primary issue complicating the research for isolation peaks is coral atolls. There are huge archipelagos of these extremely low flat islands, such as the Marshall Islands or the Tuamotu Islands, and if one of them is a meter higher than the rest it could have a huge isolation number. So confidence is not very high in stating that the Wake Island high point, (6 meters high) has an isolation of 1085 km based on distance to the Likiep atoll (10 meters).

Indeed, many small mid-oceanic islands show up on this list, and the worldwide peak map shows a very interesting pattern, as if the peak dots were placed completely randomly without regard to landmasses. About 30 peaks on mid-oceanic islands such as Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Easter Island, Diego Garcia, Bermuda, Saint Helena, and others make this list, over a third of the total. You can sort this list by the "Island" or "Area" columns to group together peaks on islands.

(Note that previous versions of this list did not assign a rank to peaks located on islands with areas under 1000 square kilometers, but that arbitrary distinction has been abolished. Now all peaks are treated equally, no matter if the area within their isolation radius is mostly land or water.)

For the globe-trotting peakbagger, this is a somewhat attractive list, similar to the World 100 Most Prominent Peaks list, with which it shares 28 peaks. The only 8000 meter peaks on the list are Everest and K2.

One interesting quirk of this list is the distribution by country. Here are the six largest countries by area and their count of 1000 km isolation peaks:

  • Russia: 8
  • Canada: 0
  • China: 3 (all on the border)
  • USA: 7
  • Brazil: 2
  • Australia: 4

It is very odd that the second largest country has zero peaks on this list, with the most isolated peaks in Canada being Mount Barbeau and Mount Caubvick, both with under 800 km. Large areas of land with a continuous slope or a "staircase" of higher and higher peaks will not produce many high-isolation peaks, and this appears to be the case for Canada.

 


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