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World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation

RankPeakIsol-KmCountry Elev-M IslandArea-SqKmAscent Date
1.Mount EverestInfiniteChina/Nepal8848   
4.Nevado Huascarán2196.2Peru6746   
5.Mount McKinley7450.2United States6194   
7.Pico Cristóbal Colón1287.0Colombia5776   
9.Pico de Orizaba2690.1Mexico5636   
11.Vinson Massif4910.7Antarctica4892   
12.Carstensz Pyramid5261.6Indonesia4884New Guinea808,510 
13.Mont Blanc2812.0France/Italy4810   
14.Klyuchevskaya Sopka2746.9Russia4750   
15.Ras Dashen1484.0Ethiopia4550   
16.Mount Kirkpatrick1585.2Antarctica4528   
17.Mount Whitney2649.5United States4418   
18.Mount Elbert1079.1United States4399   
19.Mount Rainier1176.7United States4392   
20.Mauna Kea3946.9United States4205Hawaii (Big Island)10,432 
21.Jebel Toubkal2078.2Morocco4167   
22.Mount Minto1244.8Antarctica4166   
24.Dome Argus1236.6Antarctica4093   
25.Cerro San Valentín1130.2Chile4058   
26.Mount Cameroon2337.7Cameroon4040   
28.Gunung Kerinci1904.0Indonesia3805Sumatra473,605 
30.Mount Cook3139.1New Zealand3754South Island150,460 
31.Gunung Rinjani1600.7Indonesia3726Lombok5,435 
32.Gunnbjørn Fjeld3254.1Greenland3694Greenland2,130,800 
33.Thabana Ntlenyana3003.8Lesotho3482   
34.Emi Koussi1998.8Chad3445   
35.Pik BAM1227.8Russia3072   
36.Piton des Neiges2766.6Reunion3071Réunion2,507 
37.Gora Pobeda1234.2Russia3003   
38.Sapitwa Peak1271.6Malawi3002   
39.Mount Paget2266.4South Georgia2915South Georgia4,066 
41.Pico da Bandeira2342.5Brazil2897   
43.Pico de Cano1672.4Cape Verde2829Fogo474 
44.Big Ben2045.8Heard and McDonald Islands2745Heard Island372 
45.Paektu-san1014.6North Korea/China2744   
46.Anai Mudi2109.2India2695   
47.Moro de Môco1727.4Angola2620   
49.Montanha do Pico1451.3Portugal2351Pico461 
50.Mont Orohena4128.1French Polynesia2241Tahiti1,036 
51.Mount Kosciuszko1894.3Australia2228   
52.Queen Mary's Peak2661.7Saint Helena2060Tristan da Cunha202 
53.Mount Mitchell1913.5United States2037   
54.Loma Mansa1570.8Sierra Leone1945   
55.Mount Washington1318.9United States1917   
56.Gora Narodnaya1835.4Russia1895   
57.Mauga Silisili2245.2Samoa1858Savai‘i1,709 
58.Volcán Wolf1335.0Ecuador1707Isabela4,274 
59.Gora Kamen1331.6Russia1701   
60.Gora Yamantau1150.7Russia1638   
61.Novaya Zemlya High Point1065.0Russia1549North Novaya Zemlya48,900 
62.Mount Zeil1549.3Australia1531   
63.Mount Victoria1101.1Fiji Islands1324Viti Levu10,429 
64.Mont Temetiu1407.5French Polynesia1276Hiva Oa318 
65.Mount Meharry1308.5Australia1249   
66.Mascarin Peak1826.6South Africa1230Marion Island295 
67.Hombori Tondo1015.9Mali1155   
68.Bluff Knoll1225.7Australia1095   
69.Mont Marion-Dufresne1106.3French Southern Lands1090Ile de l'Est122 
70.Agrihan High Point1898.0Northern Mariana Islands965Agrihan40 
71.Morne Seychellois1107.8Seychelles905Mahé154 
72.Mont de la Dives1408.7French Southern Lands881Île Amsterdam60 
73.Green Mountain1812.9Saint Helena859Ascension Island88 
74.Diana's Peak1291.8Saint Helena823St. Helena122 
76.Olavtoppen1851.2Bouvet Island780Bouvet Island50 
77.Pico Trinidade1147.2Brazil690Trindade10 
78.Perahu1185.2French Polynesia633Rapa40 
79.Maunga Terevaka2831.7Chile507Easter Island117 
80.Mont Duff1067.5French Polynesia491Mangaréva18 
81.Town Hill1136.1Bermuda76Bermuda39 
82.Jarvis High Point1848.6U.S. Minor Pacific Islands23Jarvis Island4 
83.Minami Tori Shima High Point1017.9Japan9Minami Tori Shima1 
84.Baker High Point1484.3U.S. Minor Pacific Islands8Baker Island2 
85.Diego Garcia High Point1676.7British Indian Ocean Territory7Diego Garcia44 
86.Wake High Point1084.6U.S. Minor Pacific Islands6Wake Island8 

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List Description

Isolation for any given peak is defined as the distance (in miles or kilometers) from that peak to the nearest higher land. There are no peaks higher than the given summit within the circle with a radius of its isolation distance.

This list is the first attempt to create a comprehensive and accurate list of all the peaks in the world with an isolation distance of 1000 km (621 miles) or more, based on distance to nearest higher ground. Many isolation lists, including earlier versions of this one, used distance to nearest higher summit in a database instead of the more meaningful distance to the Isolation Limit Point (ILP or nearest higher ground). However, all peaks on this list have had their ILPs manually created and checked, and the list is believed to be complete.

There could still be errors or omissions on this list. The primary issue complicating the research for isolation peaks is coral atolls. There are huge archipelagos of these extremely low flat islands, such as the Marshall Islands or the Tuamotu Islands, and if one of them is a meter higher than the rest it could have a huge isolation number. So confidence is not very high in stating that the Wake Island high point, (6 meters high) has an isolation of 1085 km based on distance to the Likiep atoll (10 meters).

Indeed, many small mid-oceanic islands show up on this list, and the worldwide peak map shows a very interesting pattern, as if the peak dots were placed completely randomly without regard to landmasses. About 30 peaks on mid-oceanic islands such as Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Easter Island, Diego Garcia, Bermuda, Saint Helena, and others make this list, over a third of the total. You can sort this list by the "Island" or "Area" columns to group together peaks on islands.

(Note that previous versions of this list did not assign a rank to peaks located on islands with areas under 1000 square kilometers, but that arbitrary distinction has been abolished. Now all peaks are treated equally, no matter if the area within their isolation radius is mostly land or water.)

For the globe-trotting peakbagger, this is a somewhat attractive list, similar to the World 100 Most Prominent Peaks list, with which it shares 28 peaks. The only 8000 meter peaks on the list are Everest and K2.

One interesting quirk of this list is the distribution by country. Here are the six largest countries by area and their count of 1000 km isolation peaks:

  • Russia: 8
  • Canada: 0
  • China: 3 (all on the border)
  • USA: 7
  • Brazil: 2
  • Australia: 4

It is very odd that the second largest country has zero peaks on this list, with the most isolated peaks in Canada being Mount Barbeau and Mount Caubvick, both with under 800 km. Large areas of land with a continuous slope or a "staircase" of higher and higher peaks will not produce many high-isolation peaks, and this appears to be the case for Canada.


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