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World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation

Showing Serge Massad's first ascent dates for climbed peaks (13 out of 85, or 15.29%)

RankPeakIsol-MiCountry Elev-Ft IslandArea-SqMiAscent Date
1.Mount Washington819.6United States6288  2001-12-09
2.Mount Mitchell1189.0United States6684  2002-07-27
3.Mauna Kea2452.5United States13,796Hawaii (Big Island)4,0292002-11-09
4.Mount Elbert670.6United States14,433  2003-07-16
5.Mount Whitney1646.3United States14,498  2004-08-04
6.Denali4629.4United States20,310  2005-05-17
7.Mount Rainier731.2United States14,411  2005-07-20
8.Elbrus1534.7Russia18,510  2006-06-29
9.Aconcagua10263.6Argentina22,841  2006-12-29
10.Kilimanjaro3423.5Tanzania19,341  2007-07-04
11.Vinson Massif3051.3Antarctica16,050  2007-12-28
12.Mount Kosciuszko1177.0Australia7310  2009-10-29
13.Carstensz Pyramid3252.9Indonesia16,024New Guinea303,3802009-11-06
 Mount EverestInfiniteChina/Nepal29,029   
 Nevado Huascarán1371.7Peru22,205   
 Pico Cristóbal Colón799.8Colombia18,799   
 Pico de Orizaba1671.6Mexico18,491   
 Mont Blanc1747.3France/Italy15,781   
 Klyuchevskaya Sopka1706.9Russia15,584   
 Ras Dashen920.9Ethiopia14,928   
 Mount Kirkpatrick985.0Antarctica14,856   
 Jebel Toubkal1291.4Morocco13,671   
 Mount Minto773.5Antarctica13,668   
 Dome Argus768.4Antarctica13,428   
 Cerro San Valentín702.2Chile13,314   
 Mount Cameroon1452.6Cameroon13,255   
 Gunung Kerinci1183.1Indonesia12,484Sumatra171,068 
 Gunung Rinjani994.6Indonesia12,224Lombok1,786 
 Mount Cook1950.6New Zealand12,218South Island56,307 
 Gunnbjørn Fjeld2022.0Greenland12,118Greenland822,703 
 Thabana Ntlenyana1866.5Lesotho11,424   
 Emi Koussi1242.0Chad11,302   
 Pik BAM762.9Russia10,079   
 Piton des Neiges1719.1Reunion10,075Réunion979 
 Gora Pobeda766.9Russia9852   
 Sapitwa Peak790.1Malawi9849   
 Mount Paget1408.3South Georgia9564South Georgia1,436 
 Pico da Bandeira1456.6Brazil9505   
 Pico de Cano1039.2Cape Verde9281Fogo183 
 Big Ben1259.0Heard and McDonald Islands9006Heard Island144 
 Paektu-san630.4North Korea/China9003   
 Anai Mudi1298.8India8842   
 Moro de Môco1073.4Angola8596   
 Montanha do Pico901.8Portugal7713Pico178 
 Mont Orohena2565.1French Polynesia7352Tahiti400 
 Queen Mary's Peak1653.9Saint Helena6759Tristan da Cunha78 
 Loma Mansa976.0Sierra Leone6381   
 Gora Narodnaya1140.4Russia6217   
 Mauga Silisili1395.1Samoa6096Savai‘i660 
 Volcán Wolf819.7Ecuador5600Isabela1,819 
 Gora Kamen808.1Russia5581   
 Gora Yamantau715.0Russia5374   
 Novaya Zemlya High Point669.5Russia5075North Novaya Zemlya18,177 
 Mount Zeil962.7Australia5023   
 Mount Victoria644.4Fiji Islands4344Viti Levu4,066 
 Mont Temetiu874.6French Polynesia4186Hiva Oa123 
 Mount Meharry813.1Australia4098   
 Mascarin Peak1121.5South Africa4035Marion Island114 
 Hombori Tondo626.3Mali3789   
 Bluff Knoll761.6Australia3593   
 Mont Marion-Dufresne687.4French Southern Lands3576Ile de l'Est47 
 Agrihan High Point1179.2Northern Marianas3166Agrihan15 
 Morne Seychellois688.4Seychelles2969Mahé59 
 Mont de la Dives875.3French Southern Lands2890Île Amsterdam23 
 Green Mountain1117.3Saint Helena2818Ascension Island34 
 Diana's Peak802.7Saint Helena2700St. Helena47 
 Olavtoppen1150.3Bouvet Island2559Bouvet Island19 
 Pico Trinidade712.8Brazil2264Trindade4 
 Perahu736.5French Polynesia2077Rapa15 
 Maunga Terevaka1759.6Chile1663Easter Island45 
 Mont Duff663.3French Polynesia1611Mangaréva7 
 Town Hill705.9Bermuda249Bermuda15 
 Joes Hill1182.4Kiribati43Kiritimati  
 Minami Tori Shima High Point632.5Japan30Minami Tori Shima 
 Diego Garcia High Point1041.8British Indian Ocean Territory23Diego Garcia17 
 Wake High Point673.9U.S. Minor Pacific Islands20Wake Island3 

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List Description

Isolation for any given peak is defined as the distance (in miles or kilometers) from that peak to the nearest higher land. There are no peaks higher than the given summit within the circle with a radius of its isolation distance.

This list is the first attempt to create a comprehensive and accurate list of all the peaks in the world with an isolation distance of 1000 km (621 miles) or more, based on distance to nearest higher ground. Many isolation lists, including earlier versions of this one, used distance to nearest higher summit in a database instead of the more meaningful distance to the Isolation Limit Point (ILP or nearest higher ground). However, all peaks on this list have had their ILPs manually created and checked, and the list is believed to be complete.

There could still be errors or omissions on this list. The primary issue complicating the research for isolation peaks is coral atolls. There are huge archipelagos of these extremely low flat islands, such as the Marshall Islands or the Tuamotu Islands, and if one of them is a meter higher than the rest it could have a huge isolation number. So confidence is not very high in stating that the Wake Island high point, (6 meters high) has an isolation of 1085 km based on distance to the Likiep atoll (10 meters).

Indeed, many small mid-oceanic islands show up on this list, and the worldwide peak map shows a very interesting pattern, as if the peak dots were placed completely randomly without regard to landmasses. About 30 peaks on mid-oceanic islands such as Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Easter Island, Diego Garcia, Bermuda, Saint Helena, and others make this list, over a third of the total. You can sort this list by the "Island" or "Area" columns to group together peaks on islands.

(Note that previous versions of this list did not assign a rank to peaks located on islands with areas under 1000 square kilometers, but that arbitrary distinction has been abolished. Now all peaks are treated equally, no matter if the area within their isolation radius is mostly land or water.)

For the globe-trotting peakbagger, this is a somewhat attractive list, similar to the World 100 Most Prominent Peaks list, with which it shares 28 peaks. The only 8000 meter peaks on the list are Everest and K2.

One interesting quirk of this list is the distribution by country. Here are the six largest countries by area and their count of 1000 km isolation peaks:

  • Russia: 8
  • Canada: 0
  • China: 3 (all on the border)
  • USA: 7
  • Brazil: 2
  • Australia: 4

It is very odd that the second largest country has zero peaks on this list, with the most isolated peaks in Canada being Mount Barbeau and Mount Caubvick, both with under 800 km. Large areas of land with a continuous slope or a "staircase" of higher and higher peaks will not produce many high-isolation peaks, and this appears to be the case for Canada.


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