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World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation

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RankPeakIsol-MiCountry Elev-Ft IslandArea-SqMi
1.Mount EverestInfiniteChina/Nepal29,029  
2.Aconcagua10263.6Argentina22,841  
3.Denali4629.4United States20,310  
4.Kilimanjaro3423.5Tanzania19,341  
5.Carstensz Pyramid3252.9Indonesia16,024New Guinea303,380
6.Vinson Massif3051.3Antarctica16,050  
7.Mont Orohena2565.1French Polynesia7352Tahiti400
8.Mauna Kea2452.5United States13,796Hawaii (Big Island)4,029
9.Gunnbjørn Fjeld2022.0Greenland12,118Greenland822,703
10.Mount Cook1950.6New Zealand12,218South Island56,307
11.Thabana Ntlenyana1866.5Lesotho11,424  
12.Maunga Terevaka1759.6Chile1663Easter Island45
13.Mont Blanc1747.3France/Italy15,781  
14.Piton des Neiges1719.1Reunion10,075Réunion979
15.Klyuchevskaya Sopka1706.9Russia15,584  
16.Pico de Orizaba1671.6Mexico18,491  
17.Queen Mary's Peak1653.9Saint Helena6759Tristan da Cunha78
18.Mount Whitney1646.3United States14,498  
19.Kinabalu1561.5Malaysia13,435Borneo288,868
20.Elbrus1534.7Russia18,510  
21.Pico da Bandeira1456.6Brazil9505  
22.Mount Cameroon1452.6Cameroon13,255  
23.Mount Paget1408.3South Georgia9564South Georgia1,436
24.Mauga Silisili1395.1Samoa6096Savai‘i660
25.Nevado Huascarán1371.7Peru22,205  
26.Anai Mudi1298.8India8842  
27.Jebel Toubkal1291.4Morocco13,671  
28.Fuji-san1290.4Japan12,388Honshu87,181
29.Big Ben1259.0Heard and McDonald Islands9006Heard Island144
30.Emi Koussi1242.0Chad11,302  
31.Mount Mitchell1189.0United States6684  
32.Gunung Kerinci1183.1Indonesia12,484Sumatra171,068
33.Joes Hill1182.4Kiribati43Kiritimati 
34.Agrihan High Point1179.2Northern Marianas3166Agrihan15
35.Mount Kosciuszko1177.0Australia7310  
36.Olavtoppen1150.3Bouvet Island2559Bouvet Island19
37.Gora Narodnaya1140.4Russia6217  
38.Yushan1127.6Taiwan12,966Taiwan13,854
39.Mascarin Peak1121.5South Africa4035Marion Island114
40.Green Mountain1117.3Saint Helena2818Ascension Island34
41.Moro de Môco1073.4Angola8596  
42.Diego Garcia High Point1041.8British Indian Ocean Territory23Diego Garcia17
43.Pico de Cano1039.2Cape Verde9281Fogo183
44.Gunung Rinjani994.6Indonesia12,224Lombok1,786
45.Mount Kirkpatrick985.0Antarctica14,856  
46.Loma Mansa976.0Sierra Leone6381  
47.Galdhøpiggen974.5Norway8100  
48.Mount Zeil962.7Australia5023  
49.Ras Dashen920.9Ethiopia14,928  
50.Montanha do Pico901.8Portugal7713Pico178
51.Mont de la Dives875.3French Southern Lands2890Île Amsterdam23
52.Mont Temetiu874.6French Polynesia4186Hiva Oa123
53.Volcán Wolf819.7Ecuador5600Isabela1,819
54.Mount Washington819.6United States6288  
55.Ngihneni818.7Micronesia2595Pohnpei176
56.K2817.5China/Pakistan28,261  
57.Mount Meharry813.1Australia4098  
58.Gora Kamen808.1Russia5581  
59.Diana's Peak802.7Saint Helena2700St. Helena47
60.Pico Cristóbal Colón799.8Colombia18,799  
61.Sapitwa Peak790.1Malawi9849  
62.Mount Minto773.5Antarctica13,668  
63.Dome Argus768.4Antarctica13,428  
64.Gora Pobeda766.9Russia9852  
65.Pik BAM762.9Russia10,079  
66.Bluff Knoll761.6Australia3593  
67.Perahu736.5French Polynesia2077Rapa15
68.Mount Rainier731.2United States14,411  
69.Damavand723.7Iran18,406  
70.Tahat716.6Algeria9541  
71.Gora Yamantau715.0Russia5374  
72.Pico Trinidade712.8Brazil2264Trindade4
73.Town Hill705.9Bermuda249Bermuda15
74.Cerro San Valentín702.2Chile13,314  
75.Morne Seychellois688.4Seychelles2969Mahé59
76.Mont Marion-Dufresne687.4French Southern Lands3576Ile de l'Est47
77.Wake High Point673.9U.S. Minor Pacific Islands20Wake Island3
78.Mount Elbert670.6United States14,433  
79.Novaya Zemlya High Point669.5Russia5075North Novaya Zemlya18,177
80.Mont Duff663.3French Polynesia1611Mangaréva7
81.Maromokotro647.3Madagascar9436Madagascar226,916
82.Mount Victoria644.4Fiji Islands4344Viti Levu4,066
83.Minami Tori Shima High Point632.5Japan30Minami Tori Shima
84.Paektu-san630.4North Korea/China9003  
85.Hombori Tondo626.3Mali3789  

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List Description

Isolation for any given peak is defined as the distance (in miles or kilometers) from that peak to the nearest higher land. There are no peaks higher than the given summit within the circle with a radius of its isolation distance.

This list is the first attempt to create a comprehensive and accurate list of all the peaks in the world with an isolation distance of 1000 km (621 miles) or more, based on distance to nearest higher ground. Many isolation lists, including earlier versions of this one, used distance to nearest higher summit in a database instead of the more meaningful distance to the Isolation Limit Point (ILP or nearest higher ground). However, all peaks on this list have had their ILPs manually created and checked, and the list is believed to be complete.

There could still be errors or omissions on this list. The primary issue complicating the research for isolation peaks is coral atolls. There are huge archipelagos of these extremely low flat islands, such as the Marshall Islands or the Tuamotu Islands, and if one of them is a meter higher than the rest it could have a huge isolation number. So confidence is not very high in stating that the Wake Island high point, (6 meters high) has an isolation of 1085 km based on distance to the Likiep atoll (10 meters).

Indeed, many small mid-oceanic islands show up on this list, and the worldwide peak map shows a very interesting pattern, as if the peak dots were placed completely randomly without regard to landmasses. About 30 peaks on mid-oceanic islands such as Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Easter Island, Diego Garcia, Bermuda, Saint Helena, and others make this list, over a third of the total. You can sort this list by the "Island" or "Area" columns to group together peaks on islands.

(Note that previous versions of this list did not assign a rank to peaks located on islands with areas under 1000 square kilometers, but that arbitrary distinction has been abolished. Now all peaks are treated equally, no matter if the area within their isolation radius is mostly land or water.)

For the globe-trotting peakbagger, this is a somewhat attractive list, similar to the World 100 Most Prominent Peaks list, with which it shares 28 peaks. The only 8000 meter peaks on the list are Everest and K2.

One interesting quirk of this list is the distribution by country. Here are the six largest countries by area and their count of 1000 km isolation peaks:

  • Russia: 8
  • Canada: 0
  • China: 3 (all on the border)
  • USA: 7
  • Brazil: 2
  • Australia: 4

It is very odd that the second largest country has zero peaks on this list, with the most isolated peaks in Canada being Mount Barbeau and Mount Caubvick, both with under 800 km. Large areas of land with a continuous slope or a "staircase" of higher and higher peaks will not produce many high-isolation peaks, and this appears to be the case for Canada.

 


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