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World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation

RankPeakIsol-KmCountry Elev-M IslandArea-SqKmAscent Date
1.Mount EverestInfiniteChina/Nepal8848   
3.Denali7450.5United States6190   
5.Carstensz Pyramid5262.8Indonesia4884New Guinea808,510 
6.Vinson Massif4910.7Antarctica4892   
7.Mont Orohena4128.2French Polynesia2241Tahiti1,036 
8.Mauna Kea3947.0United States4205Hawaii (Big Island)10,432 
9.Gunnbjørn Fjeld3254.1Greenland3694Greenland2,130,800 
10.Mount Cook3139.6New Zealand3754South Island150,460 
11.Thabana Ntlenyana3005.0Lesotho3482   
12.Maunga Terevaka2832.5Chile507Easter Island117 
13.Mont Blanc2812.4France/Italy4810   
14.Piton des Neiges2766.9Reunion3071Réunion2,507 
15.Klyuchevskaya Sopka2748.2Russia4750   
16.Pico de Orizaba2690.3Mexico5636   
17.Queen Mary's Peak2664.8Saint Helena2060Tristan da Cunha202 
18.Mount Whitney2650.8United States4418   
21.Pico da Bandeira2344.4Brazil2897   
22.Mount Cameroon2338.2Cameroon4040   
23.Big Ben2336.7Heard and McDonald Islands2745Heard Island372 
24.Mount Paget2266.6South Georgia2915South Georgia4,066 
25.Mauga Silisili2245.2Samoa1858Savai‘i1,709 
26.Nevado Huascarán2207.8Peru6768   
27.Anai Mudi2115.3India2695   
28.Jebel Toubkal2078.4Morocco4167   
30.Emi Koussi2000.8Chad3445   
31.Mount Mitchell1913.5United States2037   
32.Gunung Kerinci1904.8Indonesia3805Sumatra473,605 
33.Agrihan High Point1901.4Northern Mariana Islands965Agrihan40 
34.Mount Kosciuszko1894.8Australia2228   
35.Olavtoppen1854.4Bouvet Island780Bouvet Island50 
36.Jarvis High Point1851.7U.S. Minor Pacific Islands23Jarvis Island4 
37.Green Mountain1843.8Saint Helena859Ascension Island88 
38.Mascarin Peak1839.1South Africa1230Marion Island295 
39.Gora Narodnaya1835.6Russia1895   
41.Moro de Môco1727.6Angola2620   
42.Diego Garcia High Point1680.2British Indian Ocean Territory7Diego Garcia44 
43.Pico de Cano1673.6Cape Verde2829Fogo474 
44.Gunung Rinjani1601.8Indonesia3726Lombok5,435 
45.Mount Kirkpatrick1593.1Antarctica4528   
46.Loma Mansa1572.4Sierra Leone1945   
48.Mount Zeil1549.5Australia1531   
49.Baker High Point1490.3U.S. Minor Pacific Islands8Baker Island2 
50.Ras Dashen1482.5Ethiopia4550   
51.Montanha do Pico1451.6Portugal2351Pico461 
52.Mont de la Dives1409.2French Southern Lands881Île Amsterdam60 
53.Mont Temetiu1408.1French Polynesia1276Hiva Oa318 
54.Gora Kamen1360.9Russia1701   
55.Volcán Wolf1336.2Ecuador1707Isabela4,274 
57.Mount Washington1319.0United States1917   
59.Mount Meharry1308.6Australia1249   
60.Pico Trinidade1299.9Brazil690Trindade10 
61.Diana's Peak1291.8Saint Helena823St. Helena122 
62.Pico Cristóbal Colón1287.1Colombia5730   
63.Sapitwa Peak1273.9Malawi3002   
64.Morne Seychellois1257.0Seychelles905Mahé154 
65.Mount Minto1245.3Antarctica4166   
66.Dome Argus1237.5Antarctica4093   
67.Gora Pobeda1234.9Russia3003   
68.Pik BAM1228.1Russia3072   
69.Bluff Knoll1226.2Australia1095   
70.Perahu1191.1French Polynesia633Rapa40 
71.Mount Rainier1176.8United States4392   
74.Gora Yamantau1150.8Russia1638   
75.Town Hill1136.3Bermuda76Bermuda39 
76.Cerro San Valentín1132.1Chile4058   
77.Mount Victoria1109.8Fiji Islands1324Viti Levu10,429 
78.Mont Marion-Dufresne1109.7French Southern Lands1090Ile de l'Est122 
79.Wake High Point1084.9U.S. Minor Pacific Islands6Wake Island8 
80.Mount Elbert1079.2United States4399   
81.Mont Duff1067.7French Polynesia491Mangaréva18 
82.Novaya Zemlya High Point1065.9Russia1549North Novaya Zemlya48,900 
83.Hombori Tondo1054.1Mali1155   
85.Minami Tori Shima High Point1021.2Japan9Minami Tori Shima1 
86.Paektu-san1015.0North Korea/China2744   

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List Description

Isolation for any given peak is defined as the distance (in miles or kilometers) from that peak to the nearest higher land. There are no peaks higher than the given summit within the circle with a radius of its isolation distance.

This list is the first attempt to create a comprehensive and accurate list of all the peaks in the world with an isolation distance of 1000 km (621 miles) or more, based on distance to nearest higher ground. Many isolation lists, including earlier versions of this one, used distance to nearest higher summit in a database instead of the more meaningful distance to the Isolation Limit Point (ILP or nearest higher ground). However, all peaks on this list have had their ILPs manually created and checked, and the list is believed to be complete.

There could still be errors or omissions on this list. The primary issue complicating the research for isolation peaks is coral atolls. There are huge archipelagos of these extremely low flat islands, such as the Marshall Islands or the Tuamotu Islands, and if one of them is a meter higher than the rest it could have a huge isolation number. So confidence is not very high in stating that the Wake Island high point, (6 meters high) has an isolation of 1085 km based on distance to the Likiep atoll (10 meters).

Indeed, many small mid-oceanic islands show up on this list, and the worldwide peak map shows a very interesting pattern, as if the peak dots were placed completely randomly without regard to landmasses. About 30 peaks on mid-oceanic islands such as Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Easter Island, Diego Garcia, Bermuda, Saint Helena, and others make this list, over a third of the total. You can sort this list by the "Island" or "Area" columns to group together peaks on islands.

(Note that previous versions of this list did not assign a rank to peaks located on islands with areas under 1000 square kilometers, but that arbitrary distinction has been abolished. Now all peaks are treated equally, no matter if the area within their isolation radius is mostly land or water.)

For the globe-trotting peakbagger, this is a somewhat attractive list, similar to the World 100 Most Prominent Peaks list, with which it shares 28 peaks. The only 8000 meter peaks on the list are Everest and K2.

One interesting quirk of this list is the distribution by country. Here are the six largest countries by area and their count of 1000 km isolation peaks:

  • Russia: 8
  • Canada: 0
  • China: 3 (all on the border)
  • USA: 7
  • Brazil: 2
  • Australia: 4

It is very odd that the second largest country has zero peaks on this list, with the most isolated peaks in Canada being Mount Barbeau and Mount Caubvick, both with under 800 km. Large areas of land with a continuous slope or a "staircase" of higher and higher peaks will not produce many high-isolation peaks, and this appears to be the case for Canada.


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