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World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation

Showing Patrick Thornley's first ascent dates for climbed peaks (11 out of 86, or 12.79%)

RankPeakIsol-KmCountry Elev-M IslandArea-SqKmAscent Date
1.Mount Whitney2649.5United States4418  1993-07-18
2.Mount Elbert1079.1United States4399  1996-09-08
3.Mount Rainier1176.7United States4392  1997-06-07
4.Pico de Orizaba2690.1Mexico5636  1998-03-23
5.Mount Mitchell1913.5United States2037  1998-05-17
6.Mount Washington1318.9United States1917  2000-09-25
7.Mauna Kea3946.9United States4205Hawaii (Big Island)10,4322003-02-14
8.Mont Blanc2812.0France/Italy4810  2005-09-13
9.Kilimanjaro5509.7Tanzania5895  2009-02-14
10.Elbrus2469.9Russia5642  2010-08-24
11.Mount Kosciuszko1894.3Australia2228  2012-03-07
 Mount EverestInfiniteChina/Nepal8848   
 K21315.6China/Pakistan8614   
 Aconcagua16517.6Argentina6962   
 Nevado Huascarán2196.2Peru6746   
 Mount McKinley7450.2United States6194   
 Pico Cristóbal Colón1287.0Colombia5776   
 Damavand1164.7Iran5610   
 Vinson Massif4910.7Antarctica4892   
 Carstensz Pyramid5261.6Indonesia4884New Guinea808,510 
 Klyuchevskaya Sopka2746.9Russia4750   
 Ras Dashen1484.0Ethiopia4550   
 Mount Kirkpatrick1585.2Antarctica4528   
 Jebel Toubkal2078.2Morocco4167   
 Mount Minto1244.8Antarctica4166   
 Kinabalu2513.1Malaysia4095Borneo725,500 
 Dome Argus1236.6Antarctica4093   
 Cerro San Valentín1130.2Chile4058   
 Mont Cameroun2337.7Cameroon4040   
 Yushan1814.8Taiwan3952Taiwan35,801 
 Gunung Kerinci1904.0Indonesia3805Sumatra473,605 
 Fuji-san2076.7Japan3776Honshu230,455 
 Mount Cook3139.1New Zealand3754South Island150,460 
 Gunung Rinjani1600.7Indonesia3726Lombok5,435 
 Gunnbjørn Fjeld3254.1Greenland3694Greenland2,130,800 
 Thabana Ntlenyana3003.8Lesotho3482   
 Emi Koussi1998.8Chad3445   
 Pik BAM1227.8Russia3072   
 Piton des Neiges2766.6Reunion3071Réunion2,507 
 Gora Pobeda1234.2Russia3003   
 Sapitwa Peak1271.6Malawi3003   
 Mount Paget2266.4South Georgia2915South Georgia4,066 
 Tahat1153.2Algeria2908   
 Pico da Bandeira2342.5Brazil2897   
 Maromokotro1041.7Madagascar2876Madagascar578,401 
 Pico de Cano1672.4Cape Verde2829Fogo474 
 Big Ben2045.8Heard and McDonald Islands2745Heard Island372 
 Paektu-san1014.6North Korea/China2744   
 Anai Mudi2109.2India2695   
 Moro de Môco1727.4Angola2620   
 Galdhøpiggen1568.3Norway2469   
 Montanha do Pico1451.3Portugal2351Pico461 
 Mont Orohena4128.1French Polynesia2241Tahiti1,036 
 Queen Mary's Peak2661.7Saint Helena2060Tristan da Cunha202 
 Loma Mansa1570.8Sierra Leone1945   
 Gora Narodnaya1835.4Russia1895   
 Mauga Silisili2245.2Samoa1858Savai‘i1,709 
 Volcán Wolf1335.0Ecuador1707Isabela4,274 
 Gora Kamen1331.6Russia1701   
 Gora Yamantau1150.7Russia1638   
 Novaya Zemlya High Point1065.0Russia1549North Novaya Zemlya48,900 
 Mount Zeil1549.3Australia1531   
 Mount Victoria1101.1Fiji Islands1324Viti Levu10,429 
 Mount Meharry1308.5Australia1249   
 Oave1355.0French Polynesia1232Ua Pou111 
 Mascarin Peak1826.6South Africa1230Marion Island295 
 Hombori Tondo1015.9Mali1155   
 Bluff Knoll1225.7Australia1095   
 Mont Marion-Dufresne1106.3French Southern Lands1090Ile de l'Est122 
 Agrihan High Point1898.0Northern Mariana Islands965Agrihan40 
 Morne Seychellois1107.8Seychelles905Mahé154 
 Mont de la Dives1408.7French Southern Lands881Île Amsterdam60 
 Green Mountain1812.9Saint Helena859Ascension Island88 
 Diana's Peak1291.8Saint Helena823St. Helena122 
 Ngihneni1317.5Micronesia791Pohnpei456 
 Olavtoppen1851.2Bouvet Island780Bouvet Island50 
 Pico Trinidade1147.2Brazil690Trindade10 
 Perahu1185.2French Polynesia633Rapa40 
 Maunga Terevaka2831.7Chile507Easter Island117 
 Mont Duff1067.5French Polynesia491Mangaréva18 
 Town Hill1136.1Bermuda76Bermuda39 
 Jarvis High Point1848.6U.S. Minor Pacific Islands23Jarvis Island4 
 Minami Tori Shima High Point1017.9Japan9Minami Tori Shima1 
 Baker High Point1484.3U.S. Minor Pacific Islands8Baker Island2 
 Diego Garcia High Point1676.7British Indian Ocean Territory7Diego Garcia44 
 Wake High Point1084.6U.S. Minor Pacific Islands6Wake Island8 

Front Runners List: Click here to see list completion progress by climbers that log their climbs using Peakbagger.com.

Compare Climbers: Click here to compare ascents of up to 5 climbers working on this list.

List Description

Isolation for any given peak is defined as the distance (in miles or kilometers) from that peak to the nearest higher land. There are no peaks higher than the given summit within the circle with a radius of its isolation distance.

This list is the first attempt to create a comprehensive and accurate list of all the peaks in the world with an isolation distance of 1000 km (621 miles) or more, based on distance to nearest higher ground. Many isolation lists, including earlier versions of this one, used distance to nearest higher summit in a database instead of the more meaningful distance to the Isolation Limit Point (ILP or nearest higher ground). However, all peaks on this list have had their ILPs manually created and checked, and the list is believed to be complete.

There could still be errors or omissions on this list. The primary issue complicating the research for isolation peaks is coral atolls. There are huge archipelagos of these extremely low flat islands, such as the Marshall Islands or the Tuamotu Islands, and if one of them is a meter higher than the rest it could have a huge isolation number. So confidence is not very high in stating that the Wake Island high point, (6 meters high) has an isolation of 1085 km based on distance to the Likiep atoll (10 meters).

Indeed, many small mid-oceanic islands show up on this list, and the worldwide peak map shows a very interesting pattern, as if the peak dots were placed completely randomly without regard to landmasses. About 30 peaks on mid-oceanic islands such as Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Easter Island, Diego Garcia, Bermuda, Saint Helena, and others make this list, over a third of the total. You can sort this list by the "Island" or "Area" columns to group together peaks on islands.

(Note that previous versions of this list did not assign a rank to peaks located on islands with areas under 1000 square kilometers, but that arbitrary distinction has been abolished. Now all peaks are treated equally, no matter if the area within their isolation radius is mostly land or water.)

For the globe-trotting peakbagger, this is a somewhat attractive list, similar to the World 100 Most Prominent Peaks list, with which it shares 28 peaks. The only 8000 meter peaks on the list are Everest and K2.

One interesting quirk of this list is the distribution by country. Here are the six largest countries by area and their count of 1000 km isolation peaks:

  • Russia: 8
  • Canada: 0
  • China: 3 (all on the border)
  • USA: 7
  • Brazil: 2
  • Australia: 4

It is very odd that the second largest country has zero peaks on this list, with the most isolated peaks in Canada being Mount Barbeau and Mount Caubvick, both with under 800 km. Large areas of land with a continuous slope or a "staircase" of higher and higher peaks will not produce many high-isolation peaks, and this appears to be the case for Canada.

 


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