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World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation

Showing Charlie Winger's first ascent dates for climbed peaks (13 out of 86, or 15.12%)

RankPeakIsol-MiCountry Elev-Ft IslandArea-SqMiAscent Date
1.Mount EverestInfiniteChina/Nepal29,029   
2.Aconcagua10263.7Argentina22,841  Unknown
3.Denali4629.5United States20,310  1984-05-20
4.Kilimanjaro3456.6Tanzania19,341  Unknown
5.Carstensz Pyramid3270.2Indonesia16,024New Guinea312,166 
6.Vinson Massif3051.4Antarctica16,050   
7.Mont Orohena2565.2French Polynesia7352Tahiti400 
8.Mauna Kea2452.6United States13,796Hawaii (Big Island)4,0281997-02-18
9.Gunnbjørn Fjeld2022.0Greenland12,118Greenland822,703 
10.Mount Cook1950.8New Zealand12,316South Island58,093 
11.Thabana Ntlenyana1867.2Lesotho11,424   
12.Maunga Terevaka1760.0Chile1663Easter Island45 
13.Mont Blanc1747.5France/Italy15,781   
14.Piton des Neiges1719.3Reunion10,075Réunion968 
15.Klyuchevskaya Sopka1707.6Russia15,584   
16.Pico de Orizaba1671.7Mexico18,491  Unknown
17.Queen Mary's Peak1655.8Saint Helena6759Tristan da Cunha78 
18.Mount Whitney1647.2United States14,495  1986-10-10
20.Elbrus1536.5Russia18,510  Unknown
21.Pico da Bandeira1456.7Brazil9505   
22.Mount Cameroon1452.9Cameroon13,255   
23.Big Ben1452.0Heard and McDonald Islands9006Heard Island144 
24.Mount Paget1408.4South Georgia9564South Georgia1,570 
25.Mauga Silisili1395.1Samoa6096Savai‘i660 
26.Nevado Huascarán1371.9Peru22,205   
27.Anai Mudi1314.4India8842   
28.Jebel Toubkal1291.5Morocco13,671   
30.Emi Koussi1243.2Chad11,302   
31.Mount Mitchell1189.0United States6684  1998-10-16
32.Gunung Kerinci1183.6Indonesia12,484Sumatra182,859 
33.Agrihan High Point1181.5Northern Mariana Islands3166Agrihan15 
34.Mount Kosciuszko1177.4Australia7310  Unknown
35.Olavtoppen1152.3Bouvet Island2559Bouvet Island19 
36.Jarvis High Point1150.6U.S. Minor Pacific Islands75Jarvis Island2 
37.Green Mountain1145.7Saint Helena2818Ascension Island34 
38.Mascarin Peak1142.8South Africa4035Marion Island114 
39.Gora Narodnaya1140.6Russia6217   
41.Moro de Môco1073.5Angola8596   
42.Diego Garcia High Point1044.0British Indian Ocean Territory23Diego Garcia17 
43.Pico de Cano1039.9Cape Verde9281Fogo183 
44.Gunung Rinjani995.3Indonesia12,224Lombok2,098 
45.Mount Kirkpatrick989.9Antarctica14,856   
46.Loma Mansa977.0Sierra Leone6381   
47.Galdhøpiggen974.5Norway8100  Unknown
48.Mount Zeil962.8Australia5023   
49.Baker High Point926.0U.S. Minor Pacific Islands26Baker Island1 
50.Ras Dashen921.2Ethiopia14,928   
51.Montanha do Pico902.0Portugal7713Pico178 
52.Mont de la Dives875.6French Southern Lands2890Île Amsterdam23 
53.Mont Temetiu874.9French Polynesia4186Hiva Oa123 
54.Gora Kamen845.6Russia5581   
55.Volcán Wolf830.3Ecuador5600Isabela1,650 
57.Mount Washington819.6United States6288  1999-06-14
59.Mount Meharry813.1Australia4098   
60.Pico Trinidade807.8Brazil2264Trindade4 
61.Diana's Peak802.7Saint Helena2700St. Helena47 
62.Pico Cristóbal Colón799.8Colombia18,799   
63.Sapitwa Peak791.5Malawi9849   
64.Morne Seychellois781.1Seychelles2969Mahé59 
65.Mount Minto773.8Antarctica13,668   
66.Dome Argus769.0Antarctica13,428   
67.Gora Pobeda767.3Russia9852   
68.Pik BAM763.1Russia10,079   
69.Bluff Knoll761.9Australia3593   
70.Perahu740.1French Polynesia2077Rapa15 
71.Mount Rainier731.2United States14,411  1981-07-03
74.Gora Yamantau715.1Russia5374   
75.Town Hill706.0Bermuda249Bermuda15 
76.Cerro San Valentín703.4Chile13,314   
77.Mount Victoria689.6Fiji Islands4344Viti Levu4,027 
78.Mont Marion-Dufresne689.6French Southern Lands3576Ile de l'Est47 
79.Wake High Point674.2U.S. Minor Pacific Islands20Wake Island3 
80.Mount Elbert670.6United States14,433  1975-07-01
81.Mont Duff663.4French Polynesia1611Mangaréva7 
82.Novaya Zemlya High Point662.3Russia5082North Novaya Zemlya18,880 
83.Hombori Tondo655.0Mali3789   
85.Minami Tori Shima High Point634.6Japan30Minami Tori Shima 
86.Paektu-san630.7North Korea/China9003   

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List Description

Isolation for any given peak is defined as the distance (in miles or kilometers) from that peak to the nearest higher land. There are no peaks higher than the given summit within the circle with a radius of its isolation distance.

This list is the first attempt to create a comprehensive and accurate list of all the peaks in the world with an isolation distance of 1000 km (621 miles) or more, based on distance to nearest higher ground. Many isolation lists, including earlier versions of this one, used distance to nearest higher summit in a database instead of the more meaningful distance to the Isolation Limit Point (ILP or nearest higher ground). However, all peaks on this list have had their ILPs manually created and checked, and the list is believed to be complete.

There could still be errors or omissions on this list. The primary issue complicating the research for isolation peaks is coral atolls. There are huge archipelagos of these extremely low flat islands, such as the Marshall Islands or the Tuamotu Islands, and if one of them is a meter higher than the rest it could have a huge isolation number. So confidence is not very high in stating that the Wake Island high point, (6 meters high) has an isolation of 1085 km based on distance to the Likiep atoll (10 meters).

Indeed, many small mid-oceanic islands show up on this list, and the worldwide peak map shows a very interesting pattern, as if the peak dots were placed completely randomly without regard to landmasses. About 30 peaks on mid-oceanic islands such as Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Easter Island, Diego Garcia, Bermuda, Saint Helena, and others make this list, over a third of the total. You can sort this list by the "Island" or "Area" columns to group together peaks on islands.

(Note that previous versions of this list did not assign a rank to peaks located on islands with areas under 1000 square kilometers, but that arbitrary distinction has been abolished. Now all peaks are treated equally, no matter if the area within their isolation radius is mostly land or water.)

For the globe-trotting peakbagger, this is a somewhat attractive list, similar to the World 100 Most Prominent Peaks list, with which it shares 28 peaks. The only 8000 meter peaks on the list are Everest and K2.

One interesting quirk of this list is the distribution by country. Here are the six largest countries by area and their count of 1000 km isolation peaks:

  • Russia: 8
  • Canada: 0
  • China: 3 (all on the border)
  • USA: 7
  • Brazil: 2
  • Australia: 4

It is very odd that the second largest country has zero peaks on this list, with the most isolated peaks in Canada being Mount Barbeau and Mount Caubvick, both with under 800 km. Large areas of land with a continuous slope or a "staircase" of higher and higher peaks will not produce many high-isolation peaks, and this appears to be the case for Canada.


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